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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oak Park Heights in Washington County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

White Pine Treaty

 
 
White Pine Treaty Marker image. Click for full size.
By Fitzie Heimdahl, April 11, 2020
1. White Pine Treaty Marker
Inscription.  All of the land seen from this bridge and beyond is part of millions of acres ceded under an 1837 treaty between Ojibwe and Dakota bands and the United States government. The acreage contained vast tracts of the prized white pine that grew north of Taylors Falls and throughout the St. Croix River watershed. The treaty gave land used by the native tribes for fishing, hunting, ricing, sugaring and gathering roots and herbs to logging interests.

Denied the treaty’s rights to hunt and fish the ceded land, the Ojibwe and Dakota moved on. The many decedents of these Native people now live on reservations and communities in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and beyond. The lumber industry cleared the forests in the St. Croix watershed in a span of about 60 years.

Photo captions:
{Left} Groups of boys, birch bark tipi and birch bark canoe in harvested forest.
Source: Washington County Historical Society
Undercutters felling white pine
Source: Washington County Historical Society

{Map} Red line: Land ceded under an 1837 treaty between Ojibwe and Dakota bands and the U.S. government
White

White Pine Treaty Marker looking north on the St. Croix River. image. Click for full size.
By Fitzie Heimdahl, April 11, 2020
2. White Pine Treaty Marker looking north on the St. Croix River.
Click or scan to see
this page online
area: St. Croix watershed

 
Erected 2017.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: EnvironmentIndustry & CommerceNative Americans.
 
Location. 45° 2.538′ N, 92° 47.1′ W. Marker is in Oak Park Heights, Minnesota, in Washington County. Marker is on Minnesota Route 36, on the right when traveling west. It is located along the St. Croix Trail Crossing Loop path. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Stillwater MN 55082, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Steamboats on the St. Croix (a few steps from this marker); Migration (approx. ¼ mile away in Wisconsin); Home to Bald Eagles (approx. ¼ mile away in Wisconsin); St. Croix Crossing (approx. ¼ mile away); Building a Bridge (approx. ¼ mile away); Brule-St. Croix Waterway (approx. 0.4 miles away in Wisconsin); Lake St. Croix (approx. half a mile away); Steam Power, Railroads, and the Hersey & Bean Lumber Company (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oak Park Heights.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 13, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 13, 2020, by Fitzie Heimdahl of Eau Claire, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 86 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 13, 2020, by Fitzie Heimdahl of Eau Claire, Wisconsin. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 27, 2021