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Henderson in Chester County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Henderson at War

Under Occupation

 
 
Henderson at War Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, April 18, 2020
1. Henderson at War Marker
Inscription.  At the time of the Civil War, Henderson was a stop on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad line. First called Dayton and later renamed Henderson Station, the village consisted of houses and stores in a line facing the tracks. After the fall of Fort Donelson in February 1862, Gov. Isham G. Harris ordered Confederate militia “from the counties of Henry, Weakley, Gibson, Carroll, Benton, Decatur, Hardin, McNairy, Hardeman and Madison” to “rendezvous at Henderson Station.” The little town was never the same after that.

Confederate Col. Benjamin J. Lea, 52nd Tennessee Infantry, established his headquarters at Henderson Station and dispatched scouting parties during February and March 1862. Gen. Braxton Bragg also ordered new companies to muster at Henderson Station.

After the April 1862 Battle of Shiloh, Union troops controlled the town. In November, however, Confederate Assistant Quartermaster A.B. Crook, with 400 troopers of the 18th Tennessee Cavalry, surprised the Union garrison, put the depot to the torch, and burned 74 bales of cotton. The raiders also set fire to a railroad bridge, but “certain
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ladies” from the town "turn[ed] out with buckets and by their exertions saved it.” Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant then ordered that "the names of these ladies [be] enrolled and direct[ed] that they be protected in their property and the quiet of their homes, and also that rations be issued to them from time to time free of charge."

Henderson remained under Union occupation for the remainder of the war.

(captions)
(left) Lloyd's Official Map of Tennessee, 1863 Courtesy Library of Congress
(top center) Henderson Confederate Veterans reunion May 27, 1901; photo taken directly in front of where you are standing. - Courtesy Bobby Barnes
(bottom center) Confederate cavalry raiders, Century Magazine (ca. 1880)
(top right) Polk Bray owned and operated the first business in Henderson here on Front Street. -Courtesy Bobby Barnes
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 35° 26.292′ N, 88° 38.516′ W. Marker is in Henderson, Tennessee, in Chester County. Marker is on Front Street south of West Main Street
Henderson at War Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, April 18, 2020
2. Henderson at War Marker
(Tennessee Route 365), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Henderson TN 38340, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Historic Front Street (within shouting distance of this marker); Eddy Arnold (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tornado of 1952 (about 800 feet away); Chester County War Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fighting For Control (approx. 0.2 miles away); Chester County Courthouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); Freed-Hardeman College (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cox's Raid (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Henderson.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 20, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 19, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 325 times since then and 75 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 19, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Jul. 24, 2024