Gallup in McKinley County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Navajo Code Talkers' Mural
Navajo Code Talker Alphabet
A=wol-la-chee (ant) B=shush (bear) C=moasi (cat) D=be (deer) E=dzeh (elk) F=ma-e (fox) G=klizzie (goat) H=lin (horse) I=tkin (ice) J=tkele-cho-gi (jackass) K=klizzie-yazzie (kid) L=dibeh-yazzie (lamb) M=na-as-tso-si (mouse) N=ncsh-chee (nut) O=ne-ahs-jsh (owl) P=bi-sodih (pig) Q=ca-yeilth (quiver) R=gah (rabbit) S=dibeh (sheep) T= han-zie (turkey) U=no-da-ih (Ute) V=a-keh-di-glini (victor) W=gloe-ih (weasel) X=al-an-as-dzoh (x) Y=tsah-as-zih (yucca) Z=besh-do-gliz (zinc)
Note: The Alphabet was only a part of the Code which had over 400 terms. This is the way the Navajo words were spelled during World War II.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Communications Native Americans • Patriots & Patriotism • War, World II.
Location. 35° 31.653′ N, 108° 44.559′ W. Marker is in Gallup, New Mexico, in McKinley County. Marker is on South 2nd Street (New Mexico Route 610) north of West Coal Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Marker is mounted above eye-level at the northeast corner of this building, facing South 2nd Street. The subject mural, which covers most of the east side of the building, is just to the left of this marker. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 West Coal Avenue, Gallup NM 87301, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Women's Multicultural Mural (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Navajo Code Talkers (approx. 0.2 miles away); Zuni (approx. 0.2 miles away); Long Walk Home (approx. 0.2 miles away); In Memory of All Vietnam Veterans (approx. 0.8 miles away); Gallup (approx. 3.9 miles away); Chaco Cliffs (approx. 7.6 miles away); Fort Wingate (approx. 11.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gallup.
Also see . . .
1. Navajo Code Talker Mural. These United States Marines devised a code using their sacred Navajo language. The code was never broken and helped to win a victory in World War II. The mural depicts the code being passed (Submitted on April 24, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Naval History and Heritage Command. The idea to use Navajo for secure communications came from Philip Johnston, the son of a missionary to the Navajos and one of the few non-Navajos who spoke their language fluently. Johnston, reared on the Navajo reservation, was a World War I veteran who knew of the military's search for a code that would withstand all attempts to decipher it. He also knew that Native American languages notably Choctaw had been used in World War I to encode messages. Johnston believed Navajo answered the military requirement for an undecipherable code because Navajo is an unwritten language of extreme complexity. (Submitted on April 24, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. Navajo Code Talkers. Recruiters visited the Navajo reservation and selected the first 30 code talkers (one dropped out, so 29 started the program). Many of these young Navajos had never been off the reservation, making their transition to military life even more difficult. Yet they persevered. They worked night and day helping to create the code and to learn it. The program proved successful and soon the U.S. Marine Corps authorized unlimited recruiting for the Navajo code talkers program. The entire Navajo nation consisted of 50,000 people and by the end of the war 420 Navajo men worked as code talkers. (Submitted on April 24, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on April 24, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 22, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 46 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 24, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.