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Hopewell, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

U.S. Government Bakery

Four Centuries: City Point, Virginia 1613 A.D.

 
 
U.S. Government Bakery Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), May 8, 2020
1. U.S. Government Bakery Marker
Inscription.  
"After breakfast I mounted and rode...to look at the Bake House just completed. It will turn out 100,000 rations in 24 hours. Every thing is on a grand scale and of the most convenient & economical character." – General Marsena Patrick, Provost Marshall, October 25, 1864

Feeding the Union army was not an easy task. Much labor was required to ensure that thousands of U.S. soldiers received their daily rations. On August 30, 1864 the U.S. Military Rail Road construction Corps received an order to construct "an immense building for a bakery...[&] to have a side track" built to accommodate the transportation of the bread to Union troops at Petersburg. Construction of the bakery started a month later and was completed by the end of October.

The bakery complex consisted of the five frame structures which included an office, a yeast house, two large bakeries and a storehouse. Numerous civilian bakers kept the ovens going day and night producing more than 100,000 rations of bread daily. The bread was loaded onto trains and transported to the front with such efficiency that Union soldiers often received warm
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bread. The bakery stood at the end of East Broadway, the present site of The Heritage Gardens.

[Captions:]
One of the busiest establishments at City Point, the U.S. Government Bakery produced over 100,000 rations of bread daily.

The Commissary Department of the Army was responsible for supplying food. The commissary depot and bakery stood on a railroad spur just outside the interior defense lines. Before reaching the bakery, the railroad spur split into a Y. The northern let went to the commissary depot where supplies brought in by train were unloaded. The southern leg ran to the bakery storehouse.

 
Erected 2013 by City of Hopewell, Commonwealth of Virginia.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceRailroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is August 30, 1864.
 
Location. 37° 18.578′ N, 77° 16.755′ W. Marker is in Hopewell, Virginia. Marker is on Appomattox Street just east of Wilson Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 701 Appomattox St, Hopewell VA 23860, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. City Point Defenses (a few steps from this marker); Union Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); St. John's Episcopal Church Bell
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(approx. ¼ mile away); The Bull Ring At City Point (approx. ¼ mile away); St. John's Episcopal Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Dr. Peter Eppes House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Porter House (approx. 0.4 miles away); City Point, Virginia (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hopewell.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Old Marker At This Location also titled "U.S. Government Bakery".
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 8, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 169 times since then and 20 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on May 8, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
 
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Apr. 24, 2024