Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
— Army of the Potomac —
Major General George Sykes
Second Division Brigadier General Romeyn B. Ayres
Third Division Brigadier General Samuel W. Crawford
Artillery Brigade Captain Augustus P. Martin
July 2. Arrived early in the morning and went into position on the right of 12th Corps. Later crossed Rock Creek via Baltimore Pike and was massed in the field until late in the afternoon. Moved to the left between 4 and 5 p.m. Barnes's and Ayres's Divisions taking possession of Little Round Top and re-inforcing the 3d corps line. Crawford's Division in reserve. All the Brigades of the Corps except Fisher's were engaged at intervals until night.
July 3. Barnes's Division except Tilton's Brigade north of Little Round Top with Wright's Division 6th Corps on the right left and rear. Ayres's and Crawford's Divisions and Tilton's Brigade on the Round Tops. These positions were held during the day.
July 4. In same positions except reconnoissances from each Division were made in front during the day.
Casualties. Killed 28 Officers 337 Men.
Erected 1906 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1481.
Location. 39° 47.603′ N, 77° 14.113′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Sykes Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Located just north of Little Round Top (stop 8 on the driving tour) in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 121st New York Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 98th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Artillery Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery L, 1st Ohio Light Artillery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 155th Pennsylvania Volunteers (about 400 feet away); 146th New York Infantry (about 500 feet away); 147th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (about 500 feet away); Signal Corps U.S.A. (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . .
1. George Sykes. A biographical blog entry about George Sykes. Sykes died at the age of 57, while serving (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Reports of Maj. Gen. George Sykes. Sykes summed up the fighting on July 2, with a somewhat emotional description of events:
At a later hour, by the withdrawal or retreat of the troops on his right--first, a division of the Third Corps, and next, Caldwell's command, of the Second Corps--a large body of the enemy gained his right and rear, and Ayres was compelled to fight his way, front and flank, to the heel of the gorge. This he did steadily, in excellent order, and connected with his left brigade (Weed's) on the general line of battle. But his loss was fearful; some of the regiments left 60 per cent. of their number on the ground. As Ayres assumed this new position, General Crawford's command (my Third Division) was ordered to the front, and, entering the woods, became briskly engaged with the enemy. This combat lasted till dusk, and resulted in General Crawford's gaining considerable ground, capturing many prisoners, and a flag of a Georgia regiment.
Night closed the fight. The key of the battle-field was in our possession intact. Vincent, Weed, and Hazlett, chiefs lamented throughout the corps and army, sealed with their lives the spot intrusted to their keeping, (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 833 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.