“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cumberland Township near Round Top in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Fifth Corps

— Army of the Potomac —

Fifth Corps Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
1. Fifth Corps Tablet
Note the Maltese cross symbol of the Fifth Corps at the top of the tablet.
Army of the Potomac
Fifth Corps

Major General George Sykes
First Division Brigadier General James Barnes
Second Division Brigadier General Romeyn B. Ayres
Third Division Brigadier General Samuel W. Crawford
Artillery Brigade Captain Augustus P. Martin

July 2. Arrived early in the morning and went into position on the right of 12th Corps. Later crossed Rock Creek via Baltimore Pike and was massed in the field until late in the afternoon. Moved to the left between 4 and 5 p.m. Barnes's and Ayres's Divisions taking possession of Little Round Top and re-inforcing the 3d corps line. Crawford's Division in reserve. All the Brigades of the Corps except Fisher's were engaged at intervals until night.

July 3. Barnes's Division except Tilton's Brigade north of Little Round Top with Wright's Division 6th Corps on the right left and rear. Ayres's and Crawford's Divisions and Tilton's Brigade on the Round Tops. These positions were held during the day.

July 4. In same positions except reconnoissances from each Division were made in front during the day.

Casualties. Killed 28 Officers 337
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Men. Wounded 129 Officers 1481 Men. Captured or Missing 1 Officer 210 Men. Total 2186.
Erected 1906 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1481.
Location. 39° 47.603′ N, 77° 14.113′ W. Marker is near Round Top, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. It is in Cumberland Township. Marker is on Sykes Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Located just north of Little Round Top (stop 8 on the driving tour) in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 121st New York Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 98th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Artillery Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery L, 1st Ohio Light Artillery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 155th Pennsylvania Volunteers (about 400 feet away); 146th New York Infantry (about 500 feet away); 147th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (about 500 feet away); Signal Corps U.S.A. (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Round Top.
Also see . . .
1. George Sykes. A biographical
Fifth Corps Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
2. Fifth Corps Tablet
blog entry about George Sykes. Sykes died at the age of 57, while serving at Fort Brown, Texas. His remains were reburied at West Point. (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Reports of Maj. Gen. George Sykes. Sykes summed up the fighting on July 2, with a somewhat emotional description of events:
At a later hour, by the withdrawal or retreat of the troops on his right--first, a division of the Third Corps, and next, Caldwell's command, of the Second Corps--a large body of the enemy gained his right and rear, and Ayres was compelled to fight his way, front and flank, to the heel of the gorge. This he did steadily, in excellent order, and connected with his left brigade (Weed's) on the general line of battle. But his loss was fearful; some of the regiments left 60 per cent. of their number on the ground. As Ayres assumed this new position, General Crawford's command (my Third Division) was ordered to the front, and, entering the woods, became briskly engaged with the enemy. This combat lasted till dusk, and resulted in General Crawford's gaining considerable ground, capturing many prisoners, and a flag of a Georgia regiment.

Night closed the fight. The key of the battle-field was in our possession intact. Vincent, Weed, and Hazlett, chiefs lamented throughout
Major General George Sykes image. Click for more information.
3. Major General George Sykes
Sykes was an 1842 graduate from West Point. His pre-war career, including service in the Mexican War, was in the regular army. He commanded a battalion of regulars at 1st Bull Run. Later he commanded a division comprised mostly of the U.S. Regulars. When General Meade was placed in command of the Army of the Potomac, Sykes moved to command the Corps. After Gettysburg, Sykes fell into disfavor and was transferred to commands in the west.
(Civil War photographs, 1861-1865 / compiled by Hirst D. Milhollen and Donald H. Mugridge, Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1977. No. 0992, Call Number: LC-B813- 1417 A[P&P])
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the corps and army, sealed with their lives the spot intrusted to their keeping, and on which so much depended. The general line of battle on the left was shortened, strengthened, firm. Pickets were established, and the troops slept on their arms. Sedgwick (Sixth Corps) had moved up to my aid.
(Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
General Sykes and Staff image. Click for more information.
Photographed By Craig Swain
4. General Sykes and Staff
An undated photograph of General Sykes and his staff.
(Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA, Call Number: LC-BH822- 4016[P&P])
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Credits. This page was last revised on February 7, 2023. It was originally submitted on January 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 878 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4. submitted on January 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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Dec. 4, 2023