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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Quincy in Adams County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Paleoindian

The First Illinoisans

— 12,000-8000 BC —

 
 
Paleoindian Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, May 11, 2020
1. Paleoindian Marker
Inscription.  People arrive in North America from Asia more than 14,000 years ago at the end of the last Ice Age. The formation of glaciers lowers sea level and exposes a wide land bridge connecting Asia and North America where the Bering Sea is today.

In Illinois, the climate is cooler and wetter than today. The growing season is shorter, and there is more snow during winter. Forests of spruce and black ash are home to mastodon, stag moose, giant ground, sloth and white-tailed deer.

Paleoindians live in small family groups. They hunt, fish, and gather plant foods, moving often in search of food and other resources. They leave little trace of their lives - only a few spear points, knives, and other stone tools.

They shape spear points and knives by flaking a piece of chert with a bone or stone hammer. The groove at the bottom of the point makes it easier to fasten it to a wooden spear shaft or a knife handle.

In 1980, when archaeologists unearth the pelvis of a Mastodon near Kimmswick, Missouri, they find a Paleoindian spear point lying next to the bone. This discovery is evidence of mastodon hunting.
 
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historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 39° 54.9′ N, 91° 24.561′ W. Marker is in Quincy, Illinois, in Adams County. Marker is on Indian Mounds Park, 0.1 miles west of South 5th Street, on the left when traveling north. Marker is on the grounds of Indian Mounds Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1500 South 5th Street, Quincy IL 62301, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Indian Mounds Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Archaic (within shouting distance of this marker); Quincy (within shouting distance of this marker); Marquette & Jolliet (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mississippian (about 300 feet away); Woodland (about 400 feet away); The Monument (approx. 0.3 miles away); Honoring Soldiers (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Quincy.
 
Paleoindian Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, May 11, 2020
2. Paleoindian Marker
In Indian Mounds Park
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 20, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 172 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 20, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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May. 23, 2024