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Rocky Point in Queens County, Prince Edward Island — The Atlantic Provinces
 

The Mi'kmaq / Les Mi'kmaq

First People of Prince Edward Island / Premiers habitants de l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard

 
 
The Mi'kmaq / Les Mi'kmaq Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 18, 2019
1. The Mi'kmaq / Les Mi'kmaq Marker
Inscription.  
English:
There has been an aboriginal presence on the Island for at least ten thousand years. The Mi’kmaq became allies and important trading partners with the French in the 1600s and later sided with them in battles against the British. This formal relationship between the French and Mi’kmaq was acknowledged and fostered at Port-la-Joye, the place the Mi’kmaq called “kuntal Kwesawe’kl” (rocky point), during annual gift-giving ceremonies. These ceremonies took place from 1726 until 1745. The speeches, feasting and festivities often lasted several days.

Traditional Mi’kmaq territory includes most of the Maritime Provinces and part of the Gaspé peninsula of Québec.

”The Great Spirit said, ‘I will shape the clay into a crescent form and it will be the most beautiful of all places on Mother Earth. It will become the home of my Mi’kmaq people.’ And thus the island of Minegoo [Prince Edward Island] was created.”
—Micmac Legends of Prince Edward Island (1988), Dr. John Joe Sark LLD (Hon.), Keptin of the Mi’kmaq Grand Council for the District of Epekwitk (PEI)

Français:
La
Marker detail: Seal Hunting, circa 1400 A.D. /<br>Chasse au phoque, Vers 1400 apr. J.C. image. Click for full size.
By Steve Bloomer, Canadian Museum of Civilization
2. Marker detail: Seal Hunting, circa 1400 A.D. /
Chasse au phoque, Vers 1400 apr. J.C.
Hunting and fishing have been an important part of Mi’kmaq life for millennia.
• • •
La chasse et la pêche occupent depuis des millénaires une place importante dans la vie des Mi’kmaq.
Click or scan to see
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présence des autochtones
dans l’Île remonte à au moins dix mille ans. Les Mi’kmaq sont devenus les alliés et d’importants partenaires commerciaux des Français dans les années 1600 et se sont rangés de leur côté dans les conflits avec les Britanniques. Ces relations officielles entre les Français et les Mi’kmaq a étaient reconnues et célébrées à Port-la-Joye, que les Mi’kmaq appelaient « kuntal Kwesawe’kl » (point rocheuse), a cours des cérémonies annuelles de remise de cadeaux qui se déroulèrent de 1726 à 1745. Les festivités, accompagnées de discours et de festins, pouvaient durer plusieurs jours.

Le territoire traditionnel des Mi’kmaq couvre la majeure parte des provinces maritimes et une partie de la Gaspésie au Québec.

« Le Grand Esprit a dit: "Je vais façonner dans l’argile un croissant que sera le plus beau des endroits sur la Mère Terre et qui deviendra le foyer de mon peuple, les Mi’kmaq," et c’est ainsi que fut créée l’Île de Minegoo [Île-du-Prince-Édouard]. »
—Micmac Legends of Prince Edward Island (1988), John Joe Sark (F.S.D.), Keptin du Mi’kmaq Grand conseil des Mi’kmaq, district d’Epekwitk (Î.-P.-É.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraIndustry & CommerceNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers.
 
Location.
Marker detail: Exchanging gifts / échange de cadeaux image. Click for full size.
Courtesy Parks Canada, artist: Lewis Parker
3. Marker detail: Exchanging gifts / échange de cadeaux
The French sometimes gave Mi’kmaq chiefs medals such as this one in honour of their alliance.
• • •
Les Français remettaient parfois aux chefs Mi’kmaq des médailles, comme celle-ci en l’honneur de leur alliance.
46° 11.753′ N, 63° 8.165′ W. Marker is in Rocky Point, Prince Edward Island, in Queens County. Marker can be reached from Hache Gallant Drive 1.2 kilometers east of Prince Edward Island Route 19, on the left when traveling east. Marker is located along the heritage trail at Skmaqn–Port-la-Joye–Fort Amherst National Historic Site. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 191 Hache Gallant Drive, Rocky Point, Prince Edward Island C0A 1H2, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Place Yourself in History / Situez-vous dans l’histoire (within shouting distance of this marker); Michel Haché-Gallant et Anne Cormier (within shouting distance of this marker); Port of Entry / Port d’entrée (within shouting distance of this marker); The Deportation of the Inhabitants of Île Saint-Jean (within shouting distance of this marker); Port-la-Joye – Fort Amherst (within shouting distance of this marker); The British Period / La période britannique (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); A Great Survey / Un Arpentage de Taille (about 120 meters away); The Grand Dérangement (about 150 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rocky Point.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Skmaqn–Port-la-Joye–Fort Amherst National Historic Site
 
Also see . . .
1. Mi'kmaq. Mi’kmaq are
Marker detail: Young Mi’kmaq Dancers /<br>Jeunes danseurs Mi’kmaq image. Click for full size.
Courtesy Mi’kmaq Confederacy P.E.I.
4. Marker detail: Young Mi’kmaq Dancers /
Jeunes danseurs Mi’kmaq
Young Dancers, Lennox Island First Nation Powwow. Today, the Mi’kmaq are thriving members of the Island community, contributing economically, culturally and spiritually to the Island way of life.
• • •
Jeunes danseurs au Pow-wow de la Première nation de Lennox Island. Aujourd’hui, les Mi’kmaq sont des membres prospères de la communauté insulaire et contribuant sur le plan économique, culturel et spirituel à la vie de l’Île.
Indigenous peoples who are among the original inhabitants in the Atlantic Provinces of Canada. Contemporary Mi’kmaq communities are located predominantly in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, but with a significant presence in Québec, Newfoundland, Maine and the Boston area. Historically, Mi’kmaq settlements were characterized by individual or joint households scattered about a bay or along a river. Communities were related by alliance and kinship. (Submitted on June 27, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. John Joe Sark. John Joe Sark’s role as a spiritual leader for the Mi’Kmaq people has built a lasting bridge of understanding between cultures. As a representative of the Mi’Kmaq Council, Mr. Sark has lobbied internationally for rights and recognition. He has had audiences with the Pope on the subject of residential schools. He was involved in drafting the United Nations’ Declaration of Indigenous Peoples of the World, and was co-producer, executive director and artistic director of the film “Spirit World – The Story of the Mi’Kmaqs”. (Submitted on June 27, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
The Mi'kmaq / Les Mi'kmaq Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 18, 2019
5. The Mi'kmaq / Les Mi'kmaq Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 27, 2020. It was originally submitted on June 23, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 64 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 26, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   3, 4. submitted on June 27, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   5. submitted on June 26, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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