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Zittlestown in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle at South Mountain

A Natural Barrier

 

— Antietam Campaign 1862 —

 
Battle at South Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, October 11, 2020
1. Battle at South Mountain Marker
Inscription.  The Battle of South Mountain erupted on September 14, 1862, when elements of the Union army tried to drive the Confederate rear guard from Crampton’s, Fox’s, and Turner’s Gaps and break through to the western side of the mountain to attack Confederates there. When Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia marched into Maryland earlier in the month, he was looking for supplies and recruits for a possible invasion of Pennsylvania. He hoped while resting men at Frederick that the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry would flee and leave his lines of communication and transportation unhindered. When the garrison stayed put, however, threatening his rear, Lee issued Special Orders No. 191 to divide his army and send Stonewall Jackson with about half of the army to capture Harpers Ferry. Lee marched over South Mountain, using it as a screen to help conceal the remainder of his troops and keep Gen. George B. McClellan’s pursuing Army of the Potomac at bay. But then the Federals found a dropped copy of Special Orders No. 191, and it became especially critical for the outnumbered Confederates to hold South Mountain passes until Jackson
Three Maryland Civil War Trails Markers in the Inn's Parking Lot image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, October 11, 2020
2. Three Maryland Civil War Trails Markers in the Inn's Parking Lot
completed his mission and rejoined them. The day-long battle, it turned out, gave the Confederates just time enough.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 39° 29.064′ N, 77° 37.202′ W. Marker is in Zittlestown, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of U.S. 40 Alternate (Alternate U.S. 40) and Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling east on U.S. 40 Alternate. Located in the parking lot for the Old South Mountain Inn. Very close to the Frederick and Washington County line. The Appalachian Trail passes a few feet from the marker. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Middletown MD 21769, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 1862 Antietam Campaign (here, next to this marker); 19th Century Backpacker (here, next to this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 1 (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 2 (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 3 (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Zittlestown.
 
More about this marker. The marker has a detailed map of South Mountain highlighting important battle sites.

A newspaper drawing of the battle carries the caption, Union forces advance to the pass. View from the National Road.
 
Related markers. Click here for
The Crest of South Mountain image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 9, 2007
3. The Crest of South Mountain
a list of markers that are related to this marker. Lost Special Orders 191 markers
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of South Mountain. From the State Park website. (Submitted on July 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Official Reports of the Battle. (Submitted on July 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Additional keywords. Antietam Campaign 1862
 
Old South Moutain Inn image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 24, 2009
4. Old South Moutain Inn
Markers are located in parking lot next to Old South Mountain Inn
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 12, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 5,462 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 12, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   3. submitted on July 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on August 9, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 4, 2021