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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Zittlestown in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

1862 Antietam Campaign

Lee Invades Maryland

 
 
1862 Antietam Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, October 11, 2020
1. 1862 Antietam Campaign Marker
Inscription.  Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac pursued Lee, who had detached Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's force to capture the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry. After the Federals pushed the remaining Confederates out of the South Mountain gaps, Lee awaited Jackson's return near Sharpsburg and Antietam Creek.

On September 17, at the battle of Antietam, the two armies clashed in the bloodiest single day in American history and suffered some 23,000 casualties. Lee soon retreated across the Potomac, ending his first invasion of the north.

Follow in the footsteps of Gens. Lee and McClellan along Maryland Civil War Trail's Antietam Campaign: Lee Invades Maryland, a 90 mile tour route that allows you to explore the stories of triumph and tragedy at more than 60 Civil War sites. Please travel carefully as you enjoy the beauty and history along the trail.
 
Erected by
Three Maryland Civil War Trails Markers in the Inn's Parking Lot image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, October 11, 2020
2. Three Maryland Civil War Trails Markers in the Inn's Parking Lot
Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 39° 29.065′ N, 77° 37.203′ W. Marker is near Zittlestown, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of U.S. 40 Alternate (Alternate U.S. 40) and Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling east on U.S. 40 Alternate. Located in the parking lot for the Old South Mountain Inn. Very close to the Frederick and Washington County line. The Appalachian Trail passes a few feet from the marker. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Middletown MD 21769, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle at South Mountain (here, next to this marker); 19th Century Backpacker (here, next to this marker); John Collins (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 1 (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 2 (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 3 (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 4 (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 5
General Robert E. Lee<br>by Julian Vannerson image. Click for full size.
Julian Vannerson (photo courtesy of the Library of Congress), circa 1864
3. General Robert E. Lee
by Julian Vannerson
(within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 6 (within shouting distance of this marker); The Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Zittlestown.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays pictures of Gens. Lee and McClellan, newspaper drawing of Confederates crossing the Potomac, a drawing of Franklin’s Corps at Compton’s Gap, and a strategic map showing the trail stops.
 
Regarding 1862 Antietam Campaign. This marker is one of the standard set used to orient travelers to the Antietam Campaign.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers related to the Battles of Fox and Turner's Gaps and South Mountain.
 
Also see . . .
1. Antietam Campaign Driving Tour. (Submitted on July 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Antietam Campaign Maps. From Antietam on the web. (Submitted on July 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional keywords. Antietam Campaign 1862
 
General George B. McClellan image. Click for full size.
Matthew Brady (photo courtesy of the Library of Congress), circa 1861
4. General George B. McClellan
The Rebel Army Crossing the Fords of the Potomac for the Invasion of Maryland image. Click for full size.
Harper's Weekly (via the Internet Archive), September 27, 1862
5. The Rebel Army Crossing the Fords of the Potomac for the Invasion of Maryland
by Th. Nast, Harper's Weekly, September 27, 1862.
Battle of South Mountain<br>Franklin's Corps Storming Crampton's Pass image. Click for full size.
Internet Archive
6. Battle of South Mountain
Franklin's Corps Storming Crampton's Pass
by A R Waud, Harper's Weekly, Oct 25, 1862.
Old South Mountain Inn image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 24, 2009
7. Old South Mountain Inn
Markers are located in parking lot next to Old South Mountain Inn
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 12, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,241 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 12, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on April 17, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   6. submitted on April 19, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   7. submitted on August 9, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 4, 2021