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Murfreesboro in Rutherford County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Murfreesboro

Civil War Battleground

 
 
Murfreesboro Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 28, 2020
1. Murfreesboro Marker
Inscription.  Murfreesboro and Rutherford County, located in the center of Tennessee, became a major Civil War battleground from the summer of 1862 to late 1864. Union troops occupied the historic Rutherford County Courthouse on the Murfreesboro Square in the spring of 1862. That summer, Confederate Col. Nathan B. Forrest attacked and overwhelmed the garrison during the Battle of Murfreesboro, which helped to make Forrest's reputation as a cavalry commander.

During the winter of 1862, Murfreesboro was Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg's headquarters. Confederate President Jefferson Davis stayed at the Oaklands Mansion in town in December and visited the troops. Later that month, Gen. John Hunt Morgan married Murfreesboro resident Mattie Ready in a downtown ceremony.

The Battle of Stones River (Dec. 31, 1862-Jan. 2, 1863), the largest and most significant Civil War battle waged to that point in Middle Tennessee, was fought here. Stones River National Battlefield interprets this major event. After the battle, Union troops occupied the town for the remainder of the war. Federal troops, assisted by African American contrabands, constructed
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Fortress Rosecrans as a major base for the march to Chattanooga and later to Atlanta. Union officers also organized a local regiment of U.S. Colored Troops, a story told at the Bradley Academy Cultural Center.

Throughout 1863 and 1864 Confederate spies were active in the area. The Sam Davis Home in Smyrna tells the story of one of the Coleman Scouts. In December 1864, when Forrest again attacked Federal forces at Murfreesboro in the Battle of the Cedars, Union Gen. Robert Milroy repulsed it, and the county remained firmly in Federal control.

(Captions)
Bottom left: Troops marching into Murfreesboro Courtesy West Point Museum, USMA
Top center: Murfreesboro Square, ca. 1863-1865 Courtesy Jones Collection
Right: Rutherford County Courthouse Courtesy Library of Congress
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 35° 52.01′ N, 86° 26.931′ W. Marker is in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in Rutherford County. Marker can be reached from Medical Center Parkway, 0.1 miles west of Greshampark Drive, on the
Murfreesboro Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 28, 2020
2. Murfreesboro Marker Detail
Troops marching info Murfreesboro Courtesy West Point Museum, USMA
right when traveling west. Marker is located in front of the Rutherford County Chamber of Commerce and Visitors Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3050 Medical Center Pkwy, Murfreesboro TN 37129, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Michigan (approx. 0.9 miles away); Sheridan's Stand (approx. 0.9 miles away); Sheridan Saves the Day (approx. 0.9 miles away); Boys, you must get out of here! You are surrounded! (approx. 0.9 miles away); The Fight for the Cedars (approx. one mile away); This Far, But No Farther (approx. one mile away); Why Fight Here? (approx. 1.1 miles away); Battle at Stones River (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Murfreesboro.
 
Murfreesboro Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 28, 2020
3. Murfreesboro Marker Detail
Murfreesboro Square, ca. 1863-1865 Courtesy Jones Collection
Murfreesboro Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 28, 2020
4. Murfreesboro Marker Detail
Rutherford County Courthouse Courtesy Library of Congress
Murfreesboro Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 28, 2020
5. Murfreesboro Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 29, 2020. It was originally submitted on June 29, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 252 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 29, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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May. 23, 2024