Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Pennsylvanians Stand Firm
As soon as they reached rifle range our men opened upon them such a destructive fire from the rifle pits and the old mill dam that they were forced back with terrible slaughter, the artillery keeping up the fire with shell when they were beyond musket range. Notwithstanding the fearful slaughter in the ranks the enemy renewed several times the attempt to reach the creek and force a passage.
Despite the odds, Confederate infantry made several desperate attempts to break through. No attack ever reached beyond the mill race. One Union observer credited success to, “a good position, plenty of artillery, rifle pits and last but not least the men were fresh, anxious and determined.”
Erected by Richmond National
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1862.
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. 37° 35.769′ N, 77° 21.492′ W. Marker is in Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from Cold Harbor Road (Virginia Route 156), on the right when traveling east. Marker is in the Beaver Dam Creek Unit of Richmond National Battlefield Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Beaver Dam Creek (within shouting distance of this marker); Lee’s First Strike (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Beaver Dam Creek (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Beaver Dam Creek (about 300 feet away); Site of Ellerson’s Mill (about 300 feet away); Holding the High Ground (about 300 feet away); Historic Cold Harbor Road (about 400 feet away); Ellerson's Mill (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsville.
More about this marker. The lower left of the marker features a picture of Ellerson’s Mill. It has a caption of “This April 1865 image looks eastward and shows Ellerson’s Mill, part of the mill race, and the slope occupied by Brigadier General Truman Seymour’s Pennsylvania brigade. Note the battle damage to the structure.” Next to this is a photograph with the caption “This photograph, taken about 1885, shows the Federal position in more detail. Ellerson’s Mill had been rebuilt by the time this view was recorded. You are standing on the far right edge of the photograph. (The foundation of the mill is in the woods about 30 yards to your front)
Regarding The Pennsylvanians Stand Firm. This marker was replaced by a new one named Holding the High Ground (see nearby markers).
Also see . . .
1. Beaver Dam Creek. CWSAC (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
2. Places To Go in Richmond National Battlefield Park. National Park Service website. (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
3. The Seven Days Battle. HistoryCentral.com website. (Submitted on January 4, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on January 4, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 964 times since then and 7 times this year. Last updated on January 12, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 4, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.