Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Civil War Star Fort
Earthwork fortifications, serving as picket posts to protect approaches to Washington, D.C., or to protect railroads, were built throughout northern Virginia during the Civil War. Some of these earthworks can be identified as Union or Confederate, but those in areas such as Vienna, which was occupied at times by both armies, often cannot be. Researchers thus far have been unable to document this redoubt or identify its builder.
Because of the complexity of its design and the time required to construct a star-shaped earthwork, it is a less common example of Civil War field fortifications. This work, with outlying rifle trenches, is thought to have been built between 1863 and 1865 to protect the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad that ran 100 yards to the northeast. This site is also within 200 yards of Lawyers Road, then a prominent route to the northwest as well as to the City of Fairfax.
This fortification is located
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 38° 54.325′ N, 77° 16.245′ W. Marker is in Vienna, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on North Center Street, on the left when traveling west. In the parking lot of the Dyer-Gunnell American Legion Post #180. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 330 North Center Street, Vienna VA 22180, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Salsbury Spring (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tracks into History (approx. ¼ mile away); Vienna Station (approx. ¼ mile away); Vienna Centennial Park (approx. 0.3 miles away); Freeman Store and Museum (approx. 0.3 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away); On June 17, 1861 (approx. 0.7 miles away); Electric Trains on the W&OD (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vienna.
More about this marker. The marker features a map detailing Civil War related sites around Vienna, and a newspaper drawing with the caption depicting Federal soldiers using the railroad. The caption reads, “On June 17, 1861, the First Ohio Infantry, riding in cars along the Loudoun and Hampsire Railroad, was attacked by Confederate forces outside Vienna. For additional information visit the marker located near the Vienna Community Center on Park Street.”
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Fortifications - Star Fort. (Submitted on July 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Civil War Sites along the W & OD Railroad Trail. (The Loudoun and Hampshire Rail Road became the Washington and Old Dominion) (Submitted on July 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 4,861 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.