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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Florence in Fremont County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Early Agriculture & Ranching

in Eastern Fremont County

 
 
Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 7, 2020
1. Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker
Inscription.  Farmers found the soil in Eastern Fremont County to be rich and fertile and perfect for growing a variety of crops. The first successful orchardist was "Uncle Jesse” Frazer. He came to Colorado during the Pikes Peak Gold Rush and found no gold but did find soil he felt would be good for growing apples and other crops. Frazer arrived here in 1859 and settled on a ranch in what is now northwest Florence.

Frazer is credited with making the first furrow of plowed ground in Fremont County. He used a plow made from a cottonwood branch and pulled by oxen which brought his family to this area. His earliest crops were vegetables and Mexican corn. Five or six other ranchers settled nearby and the area was called Frazerville, later to become Florence.

In 1867 Frazer went to St. Louis and purchased 2000 seedling apple trees. He planted these on his ranch and is considered to be the first apple orchard in Colorado. He also produced the Colorado Orange apple by careful grafting. This was the beginning of a large industry of farming in Eastern Fremont County. Produce from this area was shipped all over the United States by railroad.

Florence,
Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 7, 2020
2. Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker Detail
Jesse Frazer
Click or scan to see
this page online
Canon City and Penrose were all prominent in crop production. Commercial crops from these areas included: apples, cherries, celery, cabbage, sugar beets, wheat, hay, berries, lettuce, potatoes, broccoli, corn and others. Beginning in 1929 through the early 1940's, the poultry business thrived throughout the area.

Ranching included cattle, horses, goats and mules. Today cattle, horses and goats are in the area on a limited basis compared to the early days.

Today the major crops are hay, clover and alfalfa used as feed for cattle and horses, and smaller apple orchards.

Captions:
Right: Jesse Frazer
Left: Horatio H. C. Breece Early Successful Orchardist
Middle: Hauling Hay in Florence
Bottom: Roundup of 3000 Cattle Watson's Ranch South of Florence Circa 1900
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AgricultureIndustry & Commerce. A significant historical year for this entry is 1859.
 
Location. 38° 23.409′ N, 105° 7.08′ W. Marker is in Florence, Colorado, in Fremont County. Marker is at the intersection of West Main Street (State Highway 115) and North Pikes Peak Avenue (State Highway 67), on the right when traveling east on West Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 106 West Main Street, Florence CO 81226, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured
Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 7, 2020
3. Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker Detail
Horatio H. C. Breece, early successful orchardist
as the crow flies. Florence's Beginnings (here, next to this marker); James A. McCandless House (within shouting distance of this marker); Lt. Zebulon Pike's Southwestern Expedition (approx. 0.2 miles away); Corrections Capital (approx. 3.2 miles away); Arkansas River Valley (approx. 3.2 miles away); Arkansas Valley Country (approx. 3.2 miles away); The Royal Gorge (approx. 3.2 miles away); Cañon City / The Gold Belt Tour (approx. 5.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Florence.
 
Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 7, 2020
4. Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker Detail
Roundup of 3000 Cattle, Watson's Ranch south of Florence, circa 1900
Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 7, 2020
5. Early Agriculture & Ranching Marker
Marker is on the far right.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 19, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 51 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 19, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 9, 2021