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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Rutherford's Farm

In the Path of Battle

 
 
Rutherford's Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
November 28, 2008
1. Rutherford's Farm Marker
Inscription.  In addition to the action of July 20, 1864, known as the Battle of Rutherford’s Farm, two other significant events occurred on or near John Rutherford’s property here.

The first took place on June 14-15, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign, as Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy’s army evacuated Winchester and fled north. Milroy had constructed fortifications around Winchester, but Confederate Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps, the vanguard of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, captured one of them on June 14. Milroy’s 7,000 men slipped away in the night and marched by here on the turnpike behind you. Confederate Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson pursued them, caught up near Stephenson’s Depot two miles north of here, and captured about half of them. The Second Battle of Winchester and the surrender at Stephenson’s Depot were humiliating Federal defeats.

On September 19, 1864, the Third Battle of Winchester (or Opequon) pitted Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s army against that of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early. Sheridan attacked with most of his infantry from Berryville, east of Winchester. He sent Gen. Wesley Merritt’s
Rutherford's Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Keith Yoder, November 28, 2008
2. Rutherford's Farm Marker
Is in the middle in this trio of Civil War Trails marker's.
cavalry division swinging northwest to Stephenson’s Depot, where it joined Union Gen. William W. Averell’s cavalrymen and then headed south toward the city. Just north of here, the cavalrymen attacked Confederate Gen. Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry and Gen. Gabriel C. Wharton’s infantry, driving them back through here. Gen. George A. Custer led one of Merritt’s brigades down the Winchester and Potomac Railroad line and the turnpike through Carter’s and Rutherford’s farms. The battle ended as Early’s army fled south of Winchester to Fisher’s Hill.

“We drove to Mrs. Carter’s where there were some more wounded Yankees, to offer [our supplies] for their use, but the Surgeon said, his men had been so kindly treated by the citizens that they would not need them. I told him that when his men were suffering, with ours, I always shared my supplies with them; I never let a Yankee think I am a Union woman.”
– Mary Greenhow Lee, diary, July 23, 1864

“The enemy … advanced from the wood and charged our line of skirmishers. … A short but closely contested struggle ensued, which resulted in the repulse of the enemy. Many prisoners were taken, and quite a number on both sides left on the field.”
– Gen. George A. Custer
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series.
Rutherford's Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, May 28, 2020
3. Rutherford's Farm Marker
The marker has experienced weather damage.
This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. Marker has been reported damaged. 39° 13.241′ N, 78° 7.854′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1876 Martinsburg Pike, Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); John Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); Hackwood Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Action of Rutherford’s Farm (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road (approx. 0.2 miles away); Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. On the upper middle of the marker is a sketch captioned, Gen. George A. Custer's cavalry charging and capturing prisoners near the turnpike, Sept. 19, 1864. On the lower right of the marker are portraits of Gen. Robert H. Milroy and Gen. Richard S. Ewell.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 1, 2008, by Keith Yoder of Centreville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,402 times since then and 64 times this year. Last updated on July 31, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 1, 2008.   3. submitted on May 28, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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