“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Huttonsville in Randolph County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)


The Army of the Northwest

— The First Campaign —

Huttonsville CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, August 12, 2010
1. Huttonsville CWT Marker
Inscription.  After the defeat in Philippi on June 3, 1861, Confederate forces retreated to this point. Gen. Robert S. Garnett was sent to Western Virginia to reorganize these troops and halt the southeast advance of Federal forces.

Here on June 14, he created the 25th and 31st Virginia infantry regiments with recruits from the surrounding mountain areas. One day later, these troops marched north to guard key mountain passes at Rich Mountain and Laurel Hill, General Garnett’s “gates to the northwestern country.”

Many of the officers and men of Company F of the 31st Virginia Regiment came from the nearby Huttonsville Academy, a coeducational school founded in 1854. Federal troops burned the school in 1861.

Most of the Confederate units that fought here in July became known as the Army of the Northwest and spent the winter of 1861 at Camp Allegheny. The following spring, they became a part of Stonewall Jackson’s famous “foot cavalry” during his Shenandoah Valley campaign. As a part of the Army of the Northern Virginia, they served until Appomattox.

Brothers Marion and Joseph
Huttonsville Markers image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, August 12, 2010
2. Huttonsville Markers
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French Harding attended Huttonsville Academy. On May 25, 1861, they enlisted in the Randolph County unit which was to become Company F of the 31st Virginia Infantry, C.S.A. French was elected company commander in April 1862 and returned after the war to live in Randolph County until his death in 1919. Marion was killed at Elkwater (seven miles south) on October 10, 1862.

“Today by vote of the company we are mustered into service. We are now a part and parcel of one of the armies of the Southern Confederacy. I sincerely hope we have espoused a good cause.” – Marion Harding, June 8, 1861
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trail.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
Location. 38° 42.65′ N, 79° 58.792′ W. Marker is in Huttonsville, West Virginia, in Randolph County. Marker is at the intersection of Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) and Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike (U.S. 250) on Seneca Trail. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Huttonsville WV 26273, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Huttonsville (here, next to this marker); Bishop Asbury (approx. half a mile away); Old Brick Church
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(approx. one mile away); Elkwater / Col. J. A. Washington (approx. 6.2 miles away); Camp Elkwater (approx. 6.2 miles away); Tygart Valley Homesteads (approx. 6.8 miles away); West Virginia Historic New Deal / CCC Trail (approx. 6.8 miles away); U.S. Homestead (approx. 7.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Huttonsville.
Regarding Huttonsville. On the left is a photograph of "Marion and Joseph French Harding"

On the right is an area map
Credits. This page was last revised on August 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 14, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,230 times since then and 34 times this year. Last updated on August 21, 2020, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 14, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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Mar. 31, 2023