Union Mills in Carroll County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Invasion and Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason-Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through the Shenandoah Valley and western Maryland as his cavalry, led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, harassed Union supply lines to the east. Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, replaced on June 28 by Gen. George G. Meade, led the Army of the Potomac from the Washington defenses in pursuit. The Federals collided with Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on July 1, starting a battle neither side had intended to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates began retreating through Maryland, retracing their steps to the Potomac River and crossing into Virginia on July 14.
To follow in their footsteps and to discover their stories, stop by any Welcome Center or local Visitor Center to pick up a Gettysburg: Invasion & Retreat Civil War Trail map-guide. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the history and beauty of Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails, and the Maryland, Gettysburg Campaign: Invasion & Retreat series lists.
Location. 39° 40.017′ N, 77° 1.053′ W. Marker is in Union Mills, Maryland, in Carroll County. Marker can be reached from Littlestown Pike (Maryland Route 97) 0.4 miles north of Saw Mill Road West, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3311 Littlestown Pike, Westminster MD 21158, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Union Mills (here, next to this marker); Defiance at Union Mills (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Union Mills (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); World War II Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); World War I Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pennsylvania (approx. 4.6 miles away in Pennsylvania); Just Government League (approx. 5˝ miles away); Carroll Hall / President's House / Levine Hall / Baker Chapel / Alumni Hall / Ward Memorial Arch (approx. 5.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Union Mills.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This marker has replaced the linked marker.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 28, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 28, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 63 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 28, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.