“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Fort Hill in Lynchburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Fort Early

The Confederate Center


— Battle of Lynchburg —

Fort Early Civil War Trails marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
1. Fort Early Civil War Trails marker
Inscription.  Following the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg in July 1863, Lynchburg’s citizens became concerned about the lack of defenses around the city. Gen. Francis Nicholls, post commander, prepared a series of earthen redoubts and trenches at strategic points to take advantage of Lynchburg’s topography. He designed the earthen redoubt here to protect an artillery battery covering the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike (Fort Ave.).

When Union Gen. David Hunter attacked Lynchburg in June 1864, he advanced his army from the west along the turnpike. Confederate reinforcements commanded by Gen. Jubal A. Early began arriving during the day on June 17 and quickly entrenched along a line centered on this fort to receive the initial Federal assault. Lt. Carter Berkley placed his guns in the redoubt here and opened fire at about 4 o’clock that afternoon. The fighting continued in front of the fort until dark.

During the night the Confederates extended their trenches and successfully repelled Federal attacks throughout June 18. Having failed to break through Early’s defenses, Hunter ordered a retreat, and by dawn on Sunday, June 19, the Union army was gone.
Fort Early Battle Map - Battle of Lynchburg image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
2. Fort Early Battle Map - Battle of Lynchburg

Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 37° 23.366′ N, 79° 10.396′ W. Marker is in Fort Hill in Lynchburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Fort Avenue (U.S. 460) and Vermont Avenue, on the left when traveling north on Fort Avenue. Marker is on the brick wall of Fort Early on Vermont Ave. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lynchburg VA 24501, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Jubal Early Memorial (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Fort Early (about 300 feet away); Spring Hill Cemetery (approx. 0.6 miles away); Lynchburg College (approx. one mile away); Second Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A. (approx. 1.1 miles away); Mustered and Disbanded 1861-1865 (approx. 1.1 miles away); Virginia University of Lynchburg (approx. 1.3 miles away); Civil War in Lynchburg (approx. 1.3 miles away).
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits of Gens. Francis Nicholls, Jubal Early and David Hunter in the lower center. A map showing the unit dispositions during the battle over the present day road network is on the right side of the marker.
Regarding Fort Early. This is one in a series of Civil War Trails markers interpreting the Battle of Lynchburg (17-18 June 1864) and the city's role in the Civil War. Select the Civil
Fort Early image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
3. Fort Early
Fort Early - The Confederate Center is part of the Battle of Lynchburg Trail of the Virginia Civil War Trails.
War Virtual Tour by Marker
link below to see other related markers.
Also see . . .  Civil War Lynchburg Virtual Tour by Markers. An eight stop Civil War Trails tour, with several Virginia state markers and other memorials added. (Submitted on December 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Fort Early earthworks image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
4. Fort Early earthworks
These earthworks are the remains of Fort Early, and saw action during the Battle of Lynchburg.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 2, 2007. This page has been viewed 2,285 times since then and 5 times this year. Last updated on August 31, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 2, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 5, 2021