Newark in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Great Circle Earthworks
The Great Circle Earthworks [,] one remnant of the largest complex of geometric earthen enclosures ever built. The Newark Earthworks, situated on a high terrace between the South Fork of the Licking River and Raccoon Creek, once covered more than four square miles. At present, only the Great Circle, the octagon and circle combination, and a small portion of the square are preserved on public land.
The Newark Earthworks were built about 2000 years ago by the people we now call the Hopewell. Giant geometric enclosures such as the Great Circle were centers for social, religious, and possibly economic interaction.
Located in the center of the Great Circle is a series of small conjoined mounds, collectively referred to as Eagle Mound, which covers the remains of a large Hopewell house. It was not a dwelling, but rather an important social or religious gathering place.
Excavations through the wall of the Great Circle indicate that it was built in three stages and that different colored soils were used in each stage. Originally, there was also a low outer wall which surrounded the Great Circle. Two segments of this
Timeline of Ohio's prehistoric cultures highlighting the Hopewell culture.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Landmarks • Man-Made Features • Native Americans.
Location. 40° 2.442′ N, 82° 25.721′ W. Marker is in Newark, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker can be reached from Hebron Road (Ohio Route 79) north of Parkview Drive and Hopewell Drive, on the right when traveling south. It is at the parking lot of the Moundbuilders State Memorial. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Newark OH 43055, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Newark Earthworks (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Wright Earthworks (approx. 0.6 miles away); Octagon Earthworks (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Observatory Mound (approx. 1.3 miles away); Veteran's Park (approx. 1½ miles away); John L. Clem (approx. 1½ miles away); A. H. Heisey Glass (approx. 1½ miles away); Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail (approx. 1.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newark.
Also see . . . Great Circle Earthworks - Ohio History Central. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
Credits. This page was last revised on September 8, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 14, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,765 times since then and 9 times this year. Last updated on September 6, 2020, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos: 1. submitted on November 14, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 2. submitted on November 14, 2006. 3. submitted on November 14, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.