Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Twelfth U.S. Infantry
First Brigade - Second Division
— Fifth Corps —
Twelfth U.S. Infantry
Captain Thomas S. Dunn Commanding
July 2 Arrived in the morning and took position with the Brigade and Division near the Twelfth Corps on the right. Moved with the Division from the right to the left of the line and at 5 p.m. with the Brigade moved across Plum Run near Little Round Top and supported the Second Brigade in its advance to the crest of the rocky wooded hill in front and facing left engaged the Confederates but retired under a heavy fire on both flanks and from the rear after the Confederates had obtained possession of the Wheatfield in the rear of the Brigade and went into position on Little Round Top.
July 3 Remained in same position.
July 4 Regiment with the 14th supported the 3d, 4th, and 8th U.S. Infantry in a reconnoissance and developed a force of the Confederate Infantry and Artillery in front.
Casualties. Killed 1 officer 7 men. Wounded 4 officers 87 men. Missing 13 men.
Erected 1907 by Gettysburg National Military
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 2, 1863.
Location. 39° 47.685′ N, 77° 14.467′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Ayres Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Located on a loop in Ayres Avenue near the Wheatfield and Day's Hill, in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sixth U.S. Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Eleventh U.S. Infantry (a few steps from this marker); First Brigade (a few steps from this marker); Tenth U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Fourth U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Second Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Seventeenth U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 13th Pennsylvania Reservers (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
1. Report of Captain Thomas S. Dunn
A segment from the Official Reports, Series I, Volume XXVII/1 (S#43), Report number 208, pages 640-1.
The First Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of which the battalion formed
The battalion remained in this position until I received an order to move by the right flank a distance equal to my front. During the execution of this order, the troops on our right having fallen back in some disorder, the enemy rapidly advancing, I received from General Ayres, commanding division, the order to face by the rear rank and march to the position first occupied. The battalion marched to the rear in quick time under a galling fire, in good order, until I received an order to double-quick. This order was obeyed until the battalion reached a stone wall about midway in the valley. I then ordered the left wing to about-face and fire. They delivered their fire, and again joined the right wing, moving to the rear. The battalion was halted on the brow of the hill and faced to the front. The fire gradually slackened as night approached.
— Submitted January 24, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 24, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 613 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 24, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.