Near Fairfax in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Sequel to Second Manassas
The Battle of Ox Hill, September 1, 1862
— ★ The Battle of Ox Hill ★ —
The Confederate victory at Second Manassas (August 28-30, 1862) forced Union General John Pope’s Army of Virginia to retreat to the heights of Centreville. To dislodge Pope from his strong Centreville positions, Confederate General Robert E. Lee, commanding the Army of Northern Virginia, ordered General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s 17,000 troops on a flank march to cut off Pope’s army from Washington.
Heavy rains hindered Jackson’s march on August 31, but by the afternoon of September 1 his column was advancing toward Fairfax Court House on the Little River Turnpike. Alerted to this threat, Pope assembled a force at Jermantown to block Jackson’s path and directed the IX Corps, some 4,000 troops, toward Jackson’s right flank. Sharp fighting erupted as General Isaac Stevens’ division made contact with Jackson’s column at Ox Hill. Storm clouds darkened the sky as Stevens launched an attack on the Confederates in the woods. The general was killed while gallantly leading this assault. As Stevens fell, a violent thunderstorm struck with gale force winds.
With rain falling in torrents, the lead brigade of General Philip
Despite wet ammunition, the bloodshed continued until darkness brought an indecisive end to the struggle. There was no tactical resolution—only exhaustion, the wounded and the dead. During the night, Union forces withdrew and eventually reached the safety of Washington’s defenses. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia marched toward Leesburg and, on September 4, began fording the Potomac River, initiating the Maryland Campaign.
Erected 2008 by Fairfax County Park Authority.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is September 1810.
Location. 38° 51.863′ N, 77° 22.193′ W. Marker is near Fairfax, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker can be reached from West Ox Road (Virginia Route 608). These panels are in the middle of three interpretive kiosks at the Ox Hill Battlefield Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4134 West Ox Road, Fairfax VA 22033, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wounds Suffered at Ox Hill (Chantilly) (here, next to this marker); Ox Hill Battlefield Park & Interpretive Trail (here, next La Batalla de Ox Hill (Chantilly) (here, next to this marker); Who Fought Here: The Generals (here, next to this marker); Where the Battle was Fought (here, next to this marker); The Wounded Left Behind (a few steps from this marker); Aftermath: The Invasion of Maryland (within shouting distance of this marker); General Reno's Probe East of Ox Road (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fairfax.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly). “A Last Salute” (Submitted on January 25, 2009.)
2. The Battle of Chantilly. Civil War Preservation Trust (Submitted on January 25, 2009.)
Credits. This page was last revised on September 20, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 25, 2009. This page has been viewed 1,417 times since then and 75 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on January 25, 2009. 2. submitted on September 20, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 3, 4. submitted on January 25, 2009. 5. submitted on May 26, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.