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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Cedar Bluff in Cherokee County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Cornwall Furnace

A Victim of Union General William T. Sherman

 
 
Cornwall Furnace Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, September 12, 2020
1. Cornwall Furnace Marker
Inscription.  Built in late 1862 by the Noble brothers, Cornwall Furnace was named for a similar blast iron furnace in James Noble's home state of Pennsylvania. The pig iron ingots produced from this facility were taken to the Noble Foundry in Rome where they were converted to cast iron for use by the government of the Confederate States of America for various war materials.

This facility, and the one similar to it north of the Coosa River at Round Mountain, required limestone, iron ore and charcoal be fed into the top of the tall furnace. Water from the nearby Chattooga River was diverted in order to force air from a large bellows at the bottom causing the temperature inside to rise to the desired degree. As the iron ore heated, a chemical reaction would take place and liquid iron would emerge into sand molds at the bottom of the furnace.

In the fall of 1864, after capturing the city of Atlanta, General William T. Sherman's army moved west into Alabama in pursuit of the Confederate Army of Tennessee. While located around present day Cedar Bluff and Gaylesville, Sherman's troops destroyed much of Cornwall furnace.

After the Civil
Cornwall Furnace Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, September 12, 2020
2. Cornwall Furnace Marker
The furnace partially can be seen on left of photo.
War, Cornwall was rebuilt but ceased production in 1874.
 
Erected by Gadsden Civil War Roundtable.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceWar, US Civil.
 
Location. 34° 14.827′ N, 85° 35.307′ W. Marker is near Cedar Bluff, Alabama, in Cherokee County. Marker is on County Road 251 0.1 miles north of County Road 714, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1200 CR-251, Cedar Bluff AL 35959, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cornwall Furnace Memorial Park (a few steps from this marker); Cherokee County Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Cornwall Furnace (within shouting distance of this marker); Long Shadows House (approx. 1.7 miles away); Chattooga River (approx. 2 miles away); Gaylesville (approx. 2 miles away); Indian Village of Costa (approx. 2.1 miles away); Gen. N.B. Forrest Captured Col. A.D. Streight (approx. 2.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cedar Bluff.
 
Also see . . .  Cornwall Furnace (.pdf). National Register of Historic Places registration form. (Submitted on September 15, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 16, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 15, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 50 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 15, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.
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Sep. 28, 2020