Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
First Division - Fifth Corps
— Army of the Potomac —
Fifth Corps First Division
Col. Jacob B. Sweitzer
9th. 32d. Massachusetts 4th. Michigan
62d. Pennsylvania Infantry
July 2 After 4 p.m. moved from the Baltimore Pike near Rock Creek with the Division left in front to support of Third Corps line. Third Brigade was detached to occupy Little Round Top and the Brigade crossed Plum Run followed by First Brigade and went into position on the edge of woods west of the Wheatfield facing partly toward the Rose House First Brigade on the right. Brig. Gen. Kershaw's supported by Brig. Gen. Semmes's Brigade having attacked this position and First Brigade having retired the Brigade retired across the Wheatfield Road and formed on the north side of the woods facing the road when by order of Brig. Gen. J. Barnes the Brigade advanced to the
Casualties. Killed 6 officers 61 men. Wounded 26 officers 213 men. Captured or missing 1 officer 120 men. Total 427.
Erected 1912 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 2, 1863.
Location. 39° 47.779′ N, 77° 14.633′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of DeTrobriand Avenue and Sickles Avenue, on the right when traveling east on DeTrobriand Avenue. Located in the Wheatfield at Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of 4th Michigan Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Third Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bloody Wheatfield (within shouting distance of this marker); 62nd Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 17th Maine Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 57th New York Infantry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 115th Pennsylvania Infantry (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Third Brigade (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . . Reports of Col. Jacob B. Sweitzer. Col. Sweitzer offered this report of his brigade's actions on July 2:
The Second Brigade was placed in position in a wood fronting an open field, the woods bordering two sides of the field, the side in which we were and also that extending at right angles from our left toward the enemy, and in the last-mentioned wood the First Brigade was posted, connecting with our left....
Some time after that, word was sent that the First Brigade was retiring, and General Barnes sent me word to fall back also, which I did in perfect good order, the regiments retaining their alignments and halting and firing as they came back. Having arrived at the road leading along the rear of the wheat-field, the brigade was formed in line in the woods in rear of the road and parallel to it, the right resting at the corner of the woods toward the front. We had not remained here more than, say, fifteen minutes, when a general officer I had never seen before rode up to me, and said his command was driving the enemy in the woods in front of the wheat-field; that he needed the support of a brigade, and desired to know if I would give him mine....
We had scarcely got to this position before I noticed regiments retiring from the woods on our right, which I supposed were relieved by others who had taken their places, and would protect us in that direction. I observed also that there was considerable firing diagonally toward our rear from these woods, which I then thought were shots from our troops aimed over us at the enemy in the woods beyond and falling short. They were, however, much too frequent to be pleasant, and my color-bearer, Ed. Martin, remarked, "Colonel, I'll be -- if I don't think we are faced the wrong way; the rebs are up there in the woods behind us, on the right."...
About this time, too, word was brought me from the Fourth Michigan and Sixty-second Pennsylvania that the enemy were getting into our rear in the woods on the right. I directed those regiments to change front, to face in that direction and meet them, which they did, the firing in the meanwhile being rapid and severe....
Finding that we were surrounded--that our enemy was under cover, while we were in the open field exposed to their fire--I directed the command to fall back. This was done in order, the command halting and firing as it retired. (Submitted on January 28, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 28, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,082 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 28, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.