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Strasburg in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Strasburg

How Strata Shaped Strategy: The Hupp's Hill Civil War/Karst Interpretive Walking Trail

 
 
Strasburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, October 31, 2020
1. Strasburg Marker
Inscription.  
1862
The town of Strasburg is directly ahead, at the bottom of the southern (reverse) slope of Hupp's Hill. The image to the right is a wartime view from 1862. Today's prominent water tower sits atop Fort Hill, the site of Banks' Fort. The streets that today radiate out from Bank's Fort were built along the trench lines that Union General N.P. Banks erected during April 1862 to guard against Confederate advances from the south. But after destroying a small Union force at Front Royal (23 May 1862), Stonewall Jackson barreled in on Banks' eastern flank. Banks and his 6,000 troops fled down the Valley Pike (north), with Jackson's men nipping at their heels. Banks made a stand at the Battle of 1st Winchester (25 May 1862), and was soundly thrashed by Jackson.

All told, Jackson's cat-and-mouse maneuvers during the 1862 Valley Campaign won five battles against three Federal armies between May 8 and June 9.

Note: For more on Banks' Fort, visit the Civil War Trails marker at the corner of Washington and Holliday Streets in Strasburg

The
Strasburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, October 31, 2020
2. Strasburg Marker
Shenandoah Valley
Massanutten Mountain is a ridge that runs 50 miles from Strasburg in the northeast to Harrisonburg at the southwest end, effectively splitting the Shenandoah Valley in two. Luray Valley lies between Massanutten and the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east. Little North Mountain defines the western edge of the Shenandoah Valley and the star of the Allegheny Range farther to the west.

The ridge that dominates the landscape south of Strasburg is Fisher's Hill, also known as "The Gibraltar of the Valley." At 750 feet above sea level, it is comparable in altitude to Hupp's Hill and thus constituted a formidable natural position that was also fortified against any military thrust from the north.

1864
Confederate General Jubal Early conducted a masterful military campaign during the summer of 1864, first repulsing a Union drive on Lynchburg, then rapidly moving down the Valley (northward), crossing the Potomac, and approaching the outskirts of Washington before being stopped by Union reinforcements. Early returned to the Valley, where he routed a small Union army at the Battle of 2nd Kernstown (24 July 1864). It would be the last Confederate victory in the Valley.

Union General Philip Sheridan, commander of the new Army of the Shenandoah, defeated Early's weakened Confederate force at 3rd
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Winchester (19 September), compelling Early's retreat to prepared positions on Fisher's Hill. On the night of 21 September, Union General George Crook, whom Early had beaten at 2nd Kernstown, marched his Federal VIII Corps to the food of Little North Mountain, using Hupp's Hill to screen his advance. Crook's sudden appearance the next day on Early's thin left flank dealt the Confederates ad decisive blow at the Battle of Fisher's Hill (22 September 1864).

Note: For more on the Battle of Fisher's Hill, visit the Civil War Trails markers south of Strasburg off U.S. 11
 
Erected by Cedar Creek Battlefield Foundation. (Marker Number CWK 9.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Natural FeaturesWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia, Strasburg, How Strata Shaped Strategy: The Hupp's Hill Civil War/Karst Interpretive Walking Trail series list.
 
Location. 39° 0.012′ N, 78° 20.997′ W. Marker is in Strasburg, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker can be reached from Old Valley Pike (U.S. 11) 0.1 miles west of Signal Knob Drive, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 33231 Old Valley Pike, Strasburg VA 22657, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance
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of this marker. Signal Knob (within shouting distance of this marker); A Natural Bombproof (within shouting distance of this marker); Hupp’s Hill (within shouting distance of this marker); Trail Head (within shouting distance of this marker); Field Fortifications (within shouting distance of this marker); The Shenandoah Valley / Battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864 (within shouting distance of this marker); Hupp Cave (within shouting distance of this marker); Lower Cave (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Strasburg.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 7, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 1, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 42 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 1, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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Mar. 6, 2021