Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
High Water Mark
of the Rebellion
This Copse of Trees was the Landmark
toward which Longstreet's assault was directed
July 3, 1863.
The Assaulting Column
was comprised of
Kemper's, Garnett's, and Armistead's Brigades of
Archer's, Davis', Pettigrew's & Brockenbrough's Brigades
of Heth's Division
and Scales' and Lane's Brigades
of Pender's Division.
Supported on the right by
Wilcox' and Perry's Brigades of
on the left by Thomas' and McGowan's Brigades of
and in the rear by Wright's, Posey's & Mahone's Brigades of
and assisted by the following artillery:
Manly's, Fraser's, McCarthy's and Carlton's Batteries
Woolfolk's, Jordan's, Gilbert's, Moody's, Parker's & Taylor's Batteries
Squire's, Richardson's, Miller's, & Norcom's Batteries,
Stribling's, Caskie's, Macon's, & Blount's Batteries,
Ross's, Patterson's and Wingfield's
McGraw's, Zimmerman's, Brander's, Marye's & Crenshaw Battery,
Rice's, Hurt's, Wallace's & Johnson's Batteries
Reese's, Carter's, Page's, and Fry's Batteries,
Watson's, Smith's, Cunningham's & Griffin's Batteries.
(Viewer's Right Side Page):
was repulsed by
Webb's, Hall's, & Harlow's Brigades of
Gibbon's Division Second Army Corps;
Smyth's & Willard's Brigades and
portions of Carroll's Brigade of
Hays' Division Second Army Corps;
and the first Massachusetts Sharp-shooters
Portions of Rowley's and Stannard's Brigades of
Doubleday's Division First Army Corps;
Hazard's Second Corps Artillery Brigade,
Woodruff's, Arnold's, Cushing's, Brown's, and Rorty's Batteries
assisted on the right by
Hill's, Edgell's, Eakin's, Bancroft's, Dilger's & Taft's Batteries
On Cemetery Hill;
and on the left by by
Cowan's, Fitzhugh's, Parsons', Wheeler's, Thomas's,
Daniels' & Sterling's Batteries and
McGilvery's Artillery Brigade,
Thompson's, Phillips', Hart's, Cooper's, Dow's, & Ames'
And by Hazlett's Battery on Little Round Top,
and supported by
Doubleday's Division of the First
which was in position
on the immediate left of the troops assaulted.
The Third Army Corps
moved up to within supporting distance on the left, and
Robinson's Division of the First Army Corps
moved into position to support the right.
(Lower Front Plaque):
in recognition of the patriotism and gallantry displayed
by their respective troops who met or assisted to repulse
the following states have contributed to erect this tablet
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York,
New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Michigan and Minnesota.
Second Corps. (Hancock's), Second Division (Gibbon's).
The First Brigade, Harrow's, was composed of the 19th Maine, 15th Massachusetts, 1st Minnesota, and 82d New York Regiments.
Second Brigade, Webb's, 69th, 71st, 72d and 106th Pennsylvania.
Third Brigade, Hall's, 19th and 20th Massachusetts, 42d and 59th New York and 7th Michigan.
United States Sharpshooters.
First Regiment, Companies A,B,D,H New York; C,I,K (detached) Mich.; E, N.H.; F, Vt.; G, Wis.
Second Regiment, Companies A, Minn.; B, Mich.; C, Penn.; D, Maine; E,H, Vt.; F,G, N.H.
First Co. Mass. Sharpshooters - Second
Third Division, Hays' First Brigade, Carroll's 8th Ohio.
Second Brigade, Smyth's 14th Connecticut, 1st Delaware, 12th New Jersey, 108th New York, and 10th New York Battalion.
Third Brigade, Willard's, 39th 111th, 125th, and 126th New York.
First Army Corps, Newton's, Third Division, Doubleday's
First Brigade, Rowley's, 80th New York and the 151st Pennsylvania. Third Brigade, Stannard's 13th, 14th, and 16th Vermont.
Assisted by the artillery, the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry and Co's. D and K, 6th New York Cavalry
Kember's Va. Brigade. - 1st, 3rd, 7th, 11th, & 24th Regiments.
Garnett's Va. Brigade. - 8th, 18th, 19th, 28th, & 56th Regiments.
Armistead's Ba. Brigade.
9th, 14th, 38th, 53rd & 57th Regiments.
Archer's Tenn. Brigade. - 13th Ala., 5th Ala. Batt., 1st, 7th & 14th Tenn. Regiments.
Davis's Miss. Brigade. - 2d, 11th, 42d, Miss. & 55th N.C. Regiments.
Pettigrew's N.C. Brigade. - 11th, 26th, 44th, 47th & 52nd Regiments.
Brockenbrough's Va. Brigade. - 40th, 47th, 55th Regiments. 22d Battalion.
Lane's North Carolina Brigade. - 7th, 18th, 28th, 33d & 37th Regiments.
Sacles' North Carolina Brigade. - 13th, 16th, 22nd, 34th & 38th Regiments.
Organized April 30, 1864
Governor Daniel H. Hastings, President
Colonel Charles H. Buehler, Vice Preseident
Calvin Hamilton, Secretary
J. Lawrence Schick, Treasurer
John B. Bachelder - Brevet Major Gen. George S. Greene - Captain H.W. McKnight - John M. Vanderslice
Colonel George C. Briggs - First Lieut. C.E. Goldsborough - Major Gen. Daniel E. Sickles - Brevet Brig. Gen. Lewis Wagner
Brevet Major Gen. Joseph B. Carr - Brevet Major Chill W. Hazard - Major Gen. Henry W. Slocum - Brevet Major Gen. Alex S. Webb
Major Gen. S.W. Crawford - Jacob A. Kitzmiller - Captain Frank D. Sloat - Brevet Lieut. Col. Charles Young
Brigadier Gen. Lucius W. Fairchild - John C. Linehan - Samuel McC. Swope - Brevet Lieut. Col. John P. Nicholson
Brevet Major Gen. D. McM. Gregg - Captain Edward McPherson - Colonel Wheelock C. Veazey
Erected 1892 by Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association.
Topics. This memorial is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 3, 1863.
Location. 39° 48.747′ N, 77° 14.143′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Memorial is on Hancock Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Located in front of the "Copse of Trees" on Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. First New York Battery (a few steps from this marker); 106th Pennsylvania Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Nineteenth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Fifteenth Massachusetts Vounteer Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery B, 1st Rhode Island Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); 4th Maine Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); Twentieth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Battlefield Landmarks - South and West (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers, Tablets and Monuments near the Copse of Trees and High Water Mark.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 4, 2020. It was originally submitted on February 15, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,335 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 15, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 6. submitted on November 17, 2016, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.