Near Ellis Grove in Randolph County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The American Bottom
Following the discoveries of Jolliet and Marquette in 1673 and the exploration of LaSalle in 1682, France claimed possession of the entire Mississippi Valley. Extending from the Appalachian Mountains in the East and the Spanish Empire in the West, here in the center of this vast expanse known as the Illinois Country, Louis XIV erected a fort and settlers from Canada and France established the village of Cahokia in 1699 and the villages of St. Philippe, Fort Chartres, Prairie du Rocher, and Kaskaskia early in the eighteenth century.
During England’s occupation of the Illinois Country, 1765-1778, she retained the American Bottom as the center of administration for the area renamed the Illinois Province of Quebec. Virginia, likewise, established the American Bottom as headquarters for her Illinois
The American Bottom, part of the Old Northwest Territory, gained recognition under the government of the United States by being named the site of the first county established in Illinois in 1790, the capital of the Illinois Territory, 1809-1818, and the home of the first state capital.
Erected 1987 by Illinois Department of Transportation and the Illinois State Historical Society.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Illinois State Historical Society series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1673.
Location. 38° 3.162′ N, 89° 56.004′ W. Marker is near Ellis Grove, Illinois, in Randolph County. Marker is on Illinois Route 3, on the right. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6673 IL-3, Ellis Grove IL 62241, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Dr. George Fisher (approx. 3.2 miles away); Kaskaskia Island (approx. 5.9 miles away); Lewis and Clark in Illinois (approx. 5.9 miles away); Fort Kaskaskia Shelter (approx. 5.9 miles away); Kaskaskia Village (approx. 5.9 miles away); Dedicated in Memory of George Rogers ClarkBeaver Island (approx. 5.9 miles away); Kaskaskia (approx. 6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ellis Grove.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 6, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 32 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 6, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.