Crown Point in Essex County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Welcome To Crown Point State Historic Site
Bienvenu Au Site Historique De Crown Point Dans L'Etat De New York
Crown Point is the site of two major 18th-century fortifications: France's Fort St. Frédéric and Great Britain's fort at Crown Point. The ruins of these forts have survived substantially unchanged since the late 18th century and have been separately designated National Historic Landmarks by the U.S. Department of the Interior-the highest form of protection and recognition a historic resource can receive. We encourage you to begin your visit by exploring our museum, which includes a video orientation and exhibits.
Crown Point Connections
Today, Crown Point State Historic Site interprets the French, British, and Native American people who all left their mark on this peninsula.
Lakes and rivers were the highways of colonial North America. The Richelieu River, Lake Champlain, Lake George, and the Hudson River formed a nearly perfect line of water- ways from Montréal to New York City. Battlefields, forts, parks, and museums all along this historic water course offer opportunities to explore the history of the people that once lived, traded, and sometimes fought here.
The Ruins Of Fort St. Frédéric
Between 1734 and 1738, the French built an awe-inspiring stone fortress at Crown Point called Fort St. Frédéric. French settlers created a thriving community around the fort that they were forced to abandon in 1759 because of the approach of a large British army. Rather than allow the fort to fall into British hands, the French blew up the fort, leaving it a ruin.
Built on the site of the present-day Champlain Memorial Lighthouse, Fort St. Frédéric's windmill ground wheat into flour and helped support the burgeoning French community.
The British Fort At Crown Point
In 1759, Lieutenant Thomas Davies painted this scene of the British army encamped at Crown Point. The British fort under construction appears in the distance at the end of the peninsula.
As soon as the British occupied Crown Point in 1759, they began constructing one of the largest forts they would ever build in North America. Over the next several years, they built a massive, pentagonal fortification with walls over 20 feet high. Designed to house up to 4,000 men and withstand attack by enemy artillery, the fort met its end in 1773 when an accidental chimney fire burned out of control and reduced the fort to ruins.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • War of 1812 • War, French and Indian • War, US Revolutionary.
Location. 44° 1.8′ N, 73° 25.683′ W. Marker is in Crown Point, New York, in Essex County. Marker is at the intersection of Bridge Road (New York State Route 185) and Adirondack Park Road, on the left when traveling north on Bridge Road. Located in Crown Point State Historic Site. Just before the bridge over Lake Champlain. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Crown Point NY 12928, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Crown Point: Military Focus (within shouting distance of this marker); Gen. Henry Knox Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Crown Point (within shouting distance of this marker); The French at Crown Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort St. Frédéric (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The British at Crown PointWelcome To The Lake Champlain Bridge Heritage Area (about 400 feet away); Selecting a Bridge Location (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Crown Point.
Also see . . . Crown Point State Historic Site (NY State parks). (Submitted on December 11, 2020, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 15, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 7, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 39 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on December 7, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. 2. submitted on December 11, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. 3. submitted on December 7, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 11, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. 7. submitted on December 7, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Michael Herrick was the editor who published this page.