Near Roy in Fergus County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
The Mighty Missouri - Lifeblood of the Plains
Lewis and Clark passed here with their Corps of Discovery on May 24, 1805, during the second year of their adventure, and camped just 2 1/2 miles up river. Members of the expedition sailed and poled, but mostly pulled their boats up river, averaging 13 miles a day agains the formidable current.
On the heels of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, fur traders struggled up river with cumbersome keelboats and began opening the area for settlement. Later, steamboats brought the miners, settlers and adventurers and the supplies necessary to make settlement a reality.
Few names are more prominent in Missouri River history than
Until 1860, all river travel west of Fort Union was a difficult and physical task. Most travelers had to literally pull their boats up river against the current. But in 1860, the steamboat Chippewa reached Fort Benton and proved the treacherous Missouri navigable to that point. Over the next 30 years, tons of supplies and thousands of people booked passage into central Montana on the steamer. The boats returned down river with the wealth of the frontier; gold, pelts, buffalo robes and eventually beef and wool.
As well as it served those going east of west, the Missouri River was a major obstacle to north and south travel. Until late in the 1950s, ferries provided the only way of crossing the river between Fort Peck Dam and Fort Benton. The ferries proved quite dependable...except for when the water was too
Today, this portion of the Upper Missouri is a national treasure. Up river to Fort Benton, it is a National Wild and Scenic River. Down river to Fort Peck, it forms the heart of the C.M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge. Pause and Experience the Amazing Diversity
Erected by Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Natural Features • Waterways & Vessels.
Location. 47° 37.413′ N, 108° 40.945′ W. Marker is near Roy, Montana, in Fergus County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 191, on the right when traveling north. This marker is located where U.S. Highway 191 crossed the Missouri River, in the campground of the James Kipp Recreation Area. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Roy MT 59471, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Fine Day for a Sail (approx. half a mile away); The Little Rocky Mountains (approx. 12.1 miles away); a different marker also named The Little Rocky Mountains
Also see . . . James Kipp – Long Time Fur Trader -- Legends of America. “In the summer of 1832, Mr. George Catlin was a guest in my fort at the Mandan village, observing and learning the customs of the interesting and peculiar people, and painting the portraits of their celebrated men, of which he had many and with great exactness.” (Submitted on December 7, 2020, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 7, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 7, 2020, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 56 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 7, 2020, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.