Norwood in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Children Growing Up in Montgomery County
1861 - 1865
Mothers and fathers alike sought to ensure that their sons and daughters had continual access to education between 1861 and 1865. At the height of the Civil War, public primary schools in Montgomery County were closed due to deficient state funding. Advertisements in local newspaper highlighted the constant presence, however, of private academies, such as Fair Hill and Stanmore in Sandy Spring, for residents with means to afford such instruction. Some parents chose to keep their children closer to home and hired private tutors. Until 1872, schools excluded black children.
When school did commence, discussion of the war captivated the classroom. Virginian Maria Troth attended Fair Hill School and recorded in her diary the day she learned of General Stonewall Jackson's death. The news disturbed many of the pupils, who, like Maria, were from Virginia. Scholars at Fair Hill were divided by regional loyalties, and the tension between students ran so high that the Quaker school forbade any discussion of the rebellion during class hours.
Enjoying the outdoors was common for children in the mid-19th
"The Skating Season," Harpers Weekly 18 January 1862. Courtesy HarpWeek
Despite the war, both Stanmore and Fair Hill schools attracted a steady stream of students. Shown here is the report card of Benjamin Palmer who lived at Woodlawn Manor.
The ability to have his daughters tutored at home was an affordable luxury of Dr. Nicholas Brewer of Darnestown who advertised here for a female instructor in 1864.
Baltimore Sun, 12 September 1864
Children also served with troops during the Civil War, though many lied about their ages so they could enlist. This young boy was photographed in front of a painted backdrop featuring a Union encampment. c. 1861-1865.
Courtesy: Library of Congress
Clashing loyalties also filled homes. Brookeville native Mss Rebecca Davis felt loyalty to the Rebel cause, while her father was a committed Unionist, and her mother remained neutral. Rebecca felt no shame in her convictions. 'Sister and I do not make our appearance when the Yanks are in the house, entertaining no sympathy for them.'
Rebecca Davis Diary, 25 July 1863. Maryland Historical Society
Erected by Montgomery Parks; Maryland Heritage Areas Authority.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Churches & Religion • Education • War, US Civil • Women. In addition, it is included in the Quakerism ⛪ series list.
Location. 39° 7.519′ N, 77° 1.678′ W. Marker is in Norwood, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Layhill Road (Maryland Route 182) and Norwood Road (Maryland Route 182), on the right when traveling west on Layhill Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1021 Norwood Rd, Silver Spring MD 20905, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Holland Red Door Store (here, next to this marker); Woodlawn (approx. 0.2 miles away); African Americans and Quakers in Sandy Spring (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Rachel Carson Greenway (approx. 0.2 miles away); Welcome to the Woodlawn Stone Barn Visitor Center (approx. ¼ mile away); Quakers Practicing their Faith in Montgomery County (approx. ¼ mile away); The Sandy Spring (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Sandy Spring Ash Tree (approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Norwood.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 17, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 52 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 17, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.