Battle of Cloyd's Mountain
— Virginia Civil War Trails —
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, commander of all Union armies, ordered advances throughout the Confederacy in May 1864. In Virginia, Gen. George C. Meade led the Army of the Potomac across the Rappahannock River and south toward Richmond against Confederate Gen. Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the James moved west toward Petersburg from Fort Monroe. Gen. David Hunter led Union forces south through the Shenandoah Valley while Gen. George Crook's command marched east from the Appalachian Mountains to join him. These advances implemented Grant's strategy in Virginia.
You are standing where a rearguard action took place at the end of the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain on May 9, 1864. The main action occurred three miles in front of you at the base of the mountain as Union Gen. George Crook's force of 6,555 men and 12 artillery pieces headed toward Dublin to destroy the New River Bridge on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad. As Crook's men marched down the slope, however, they encountered Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins with three infantry regiments, the local home
Confederate cavalry reinforcements, fighting dismounted, made a stiff rearguard stand here and stalled Crook's advance. The Confederates retreated through Dublin and by nightfall had set up defenses on the eastern side of the New River. After an artillery duel over the river the next day, Crook's men destroyed the bridge and headed back to West Virginia before Confederate reinforcements could arrive.
There were more than 1,200 casualties on both sides, including Confederate Gen. Patrick Cleburne's brother, Capt. Christopher Cleburne, who was mortally wounded in the rearguard action here and asked to be buried where he fell.
In 1968, his body was reinterred just to your left, to make way for the modern road. Gen. Cleburne was killed at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Cloyd's Farm (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Cloyd's Mountain (within shouting distance of this marker); New Dublin Presbyterian Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); New River Ordnance Plant (approx. 2 miles away); American Veterans (approx. 2.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain (approx. 3.3 miles away); Water Works — 1870 (approx. 3.8 miles away); First Court House (approx. 3.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dublin.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 29, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 20, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 43 times since then and 7 times this year. Photo 1. submitted on December 20, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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