Fouts Kitchen And Medical Plants Garden
Wabash and Erie Canal Park Trail
— Wabash & Erie Canal Park Village —
Kitchen Vegetable Garden
As European settlers arrived via the canal and by wagon this region was still a wilderness in the 1830s. It was essential for their survival to bring seeds and root cuttings to start their gardens in this forest and marsh land. Eventually wild game and domestic chickens and pigs became a part of their protein source. Over time berry bushes and an orchard became a staple of every homestead.
Skilled at growing and storing plants and seeds, early settlers chose vegetables that were frost resistant, stored for long periods and dried easily. Preserving also included curing, pickling and smoking. A root cellar was essential for storing apples, potatoes, cabbage, root vegetables and winter squash. A few plants common to the Fouts garden include: winter squash, cabbage, pole beans, beets, tomatoes, onions brussel sprouts and carrots. Seed storage, paralled the importance of food preservation and storage. Because all plants were open pollinated the seeds always produced the same plant from which they were saved.
For centuries herbs have been grown around the world
Many standard herbs such as oregano, thyme, sage, rosemary, basil, parsley, and strawberries are a basic component of the plantings next to the house. Most are perennials but annuals and some perennials are added each year. Drying was and still is the most common process for preserving herbs.
Medicinal Plants Garden
Because few doctors were available during these early years homesteaders became very skilled at growing, preparing and applying herbs for health purposes. Medicinal herbs have proven to be very helpful in treating a wide spectrum of health problems and diseases. A few common disorders of the canal era include: stomach, respiratory, liver, eye, ear, heart, colds, flu and headaches. Medicinal herbs still have an important place in home gardens but have also become a significant component of prescriptions, across the counter medicines and supplements. A few of the medicinal herbs in our garden include: Purple cone flower, tansy, hyssop, lovage, rhubarb, yarrow, bee balm and foxglove.
Erected by Tippecanoe Arts Federation.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Agriculture
Location. 40° 35.517′ N, 86° 40.8′ W. Marker is in Delphi, Indiana, in Carroll County. Marker is at the intersection of West North Washington Street and North Charles Street, on the right when traveling east on West North Washington Street. The marker is on the Grounds of the Wabash & Erie Canal Conference & Interpretive Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 12252 West North Washington Street, Delphi IN 46923, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Paper Maker's Shop (here, next to this marker); Cabin Homestead 1830s (here, next to this marker); The Cooper (a few steps from this marker); Education Along The Canal (a few steps from this marker); Broom Maker (a few steps from this marker); The Broom Making Process (a few steps from this marker); Canal Bridges (within shouting distance of this marker); Canal Village (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Delphi.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 27, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 25, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 48 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 25, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.