Near Prairie du Rocher in Randolph County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Welcome to Fort de Chartres State Historic Site
The stone fort replaced earlier wooden forts by the same name. From 1720 to 1763, these forts served France as the military, economic, and governmental center of the Illinois Country, which was part of the Louisiana colony. Most of France's possessions in North America, including Fort de Chartres, passed to Great Britain in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris, which brought an end to the French and Indian War.
British troops occupied the fort on October 10, 1765, renaming it Fort Cavendish.
The fort was abandoned around 1771 as the Mississippi River's channel moved near closer, ending the fort's use as a military post.
Erected by Save Illinois History.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • War, French and Indian.
Location. 38° 5.204′ N, 90° 9.499′ W. Marker is near Prairie du Rocher, Illinois, in Randolph County. Marker Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1350 State Rte 155, Prairie du Rocher IL 62277, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lewis and Clark in Illinois (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort de Chartres In The Illinois Country (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort de Chartres (about 600 feet away); Ste. Anne's Church (approx. half a mile away); Pierre Laclede at Chartres (approx. 0.9 miles away); Kidd, Illinois (approx. 2.2 miles away); The Calvary (approx. 2.3 miles away); German World War I Howitzer (approx. 3.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Prairie du Rocher.
Also see . . .
1. Fort de Chartres on Wikipedia. (Submitted on December 30, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.)
2. Fort de Chartres State Historic Site. Official website that features lots of photos of past events as well as some history about the fort. (Submitted on December 30, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 30, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 30, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 45 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 30, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.