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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Hartford in Madison County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The Lewis & Clark Expedition

 
 
The Lewis & Clark Expedition Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, December 31, 2020
1. The Lewis & Clark Expedition Marker
Inscription.  In 1804-1806, Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led the Corps of Discovery on an epic journey. Charged by President Thomas Jefferson to find a water route to the Pacific Ocean through the newly acquired Louisiana territory, they mapped the land, recorded its resources, and met with and learned from its native inhabitants.

The landscape has changed since Lewis and Clark explored it: rivers have been dammed, forests cut over, prairies plowed under, and roads built to the horizon. Although remnants of wilderness still exist, imagine this land as Lewis and Clark first saw it two centuries ago. Today, visitors can travel in the footsteps of Lewis and Clark to share in the diverse perspectives of the Expedition and to gain a better understanding of the history of the United States.

(aside:)

In preparation for the journey, Meriwether Lewis took crash courses in medicine, botany, zoology, and celestial observation. With President Jefferson's permission, Lewis asked his friend and former commanding officer, William Clark, to be co-leader. Clark brought his skills as an outdoorsman, a geographer and map-maker.
The Lewis & Clark Expedition Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, December 31, 2020
2. The Lewis & Clark Expedition Marker
In front of the Lewis and Clark State Historic Site
Although opposite in temperament, they worked harmoniously throughout the two-year journey.

(timeline, in chronological order:)

May 14, 1804 - Depart Camp River Dubois (winter quarters, 1803-1804)

August 3, 1804 - First Council with Indians (Otoes and Missourias)

August 20, 1804 - Sgt. Charles Floyd Dies

September 25-28, 1804 - Confrontation with the Teton Sioux

Fort Mandan is Constructed Toussaint Charbonneau, Sacagawea and their son Jean Papiste join the Expedition. (winter quarters, 1804-1805)

June 2, 1805 - Decision Point Lewis and Clark correctly determine the Missouri River route ahead to the Great Falls

June 13-July 15, 1805 - Portage around the Great Falls of the Missouri River

August 30, 1805 - Purchase horses from Shoshone Indians, ensuring a safe passage through the Bitterroot Mountains

September 26-October 7, 1805 - Nez Perce help Lewis and Clark prepare for their journey to the Columbia River

November 15, 1805 - Arrive at the Pacific Ocean

Return trip begins on March 23, 1806 - Fort Clatsop is constructed (winter quarters, 1805-1806)

July 3, 1806 - Expedition
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splits
Lewis and party head north to explore the Marias River. Clark and party head south and follow the Yellowstone River.

July 25, 1806 - Clark engraves his name on the side of a sandstone butte along the Yellowstone River

July 27, 1806 - Two medicine fight site - Clash results in the death of two Blackfeet Indians

August 12, 1806 - Lewis and Clark parties rejoin

September 23, 1806 - Arrive in St. Louis
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ExplorationNative AmericansWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition series list.
 
Location. 38° 48.149′ N, 90° 6.108′ W. Marker is near Hartford, Illinois, in Madison County. Marker is on Lewis and Clark Trail south of Frontage Road, on the right when traveling south. Marker is in front of Lewis and Clark State Historic Site. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Lewis and Clark Trail, Hartford IL 62048, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Lewis and Clark Expedition in Illinois: A Bicentennial Tribute (a few steps from this marker); "fixed on a place to build huts" (within
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shouting distance of this marker); The Journey Begins Here (approx. 0.7 miles away); Lewis and Clark Expedition (approx. 0.7 miles away); Lewis and Clark (approx. 1˝ miles away in Missouri); The Village of Hartford (approx. 2 miles away); Wanda Methodist Church (approx. 4 miles away); a different marker also named Lewis and Clark Expedition (approx. 4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hartford.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 31, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 31, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 29 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 31, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.
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Mar. 3, 2021