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New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)
 

Mass Lynching in New Orleans / Racial Violence in America

Community Remembrance Project

 
 
Mass Lynching in New Orleans/Racial Violence in America Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cajun Scrambler, December 28, 2020
1. Mass Lynching in New Orleans/Racial Violence in America Marker
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Mass Lynching in New Orleans
July 24 to 27, 1900, White mobs unleashed a campaign of racial terror throughout the city of New Orleans that resulted in the lynching of at least seven Black people. Violence began after police tried to arrest Robert Charles, a 35-year old Black man. During this era, Black people carried a heavy presumption of guilt and faced hostile suspicion, whether evidence implicated them or not. On July 23, White policemen confronted Mr. Charles while he was seated peacefully on a doorstep. Mr. Charles objected, struggled, and ultimately fled after multiple exchanges of gunfire, leaving two officers dead on July 24. In response, thousands of armed white people, shouting "kill the negroes,” gathered at (once) Robert E. Lee Circle seeking to attack Black people. Over several days, White mobs shot, beat, and killed Black people in a terror crusade to maintain White supremacy. In the first 48-hours of the attack, police failed to intervene as the mobs abducted, killed and maimed Black people. and destroyed the Thomy Lafon School, leaving no public education for Black children in New
Mass Lynching in New Orleans/Racial Violence in America Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cajun Scrambler, December 28, 2020
2. Mass Lynching in New Orleans/Racial Violence in America Marker
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Orleans after the fifth grade for nearly 20 years. On July 27, policemen and deputized civilian militia discovered Mr. Charles at 1208 Saratoga Street and brutally killed him after hours of gunfire exchange. In the four day massacre, White mobs lynched several Black people, including Hannah Mabry, a wife and mother. No one was ever convicted for their deaths.

Racial Violence in America
Thousands of Black people were the victims of racial terror lynching in the United States between 1877 and 1950. Following the Civil War, White southerners violently resisted equal rights for African Americans and sought to uphold an ideology of White supremacy through intimidation and lethal violence. Lynching emerged as the most public and notorious form of racial terrorism and violence, intended to intimidate Black people and enforce racial hierarchy and segregation. In 1898, two years after the Supreme Court decision in Plessy vs. Ferguson, legalizing segregation, a state constitutional convention was convened in Louisiana to mitigate the perceived threat of Black political power to white political control through "the purification of the electorate," and to establish the supremacy of the White race." Many Black people were lynched following unsubstantiated accusations of violating social customs, engaging in interracial relationships, or committing crimes,
Mass Lynching in New Orleans/Racial Violence in America Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cajun Scrambler, December 28, 2020
3. Mass Lynching in New Orleans/Racial Violence in America Marker
In most cases, including the July 1900 Mass Lynching in New Orleans, local law enforcement was indifferent to or ineffective in protecting Black residents from these attacks, allowing Whites to employ violence and murder without fear of any legal repercussions. Many victims of racial terror lynching were not recorded and will never be known, but of the 548 documented lynchings in Louisiana, at least 15 took place in Orleans Parish.
 
Erected 2020 by The Orleans Legacy Project/Equal Justice Initiative.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil Rights. In addition, it is included in the Lynching in America series list.
 
Location. 29° 56.462′ N, 90° 4.758′ W. Marker is in New Orleans, Louisiana, in Orleans Parish. Marker is at the intersection of Oretha Castle Haley Boulevard and Martin Luther King Jr Boulevard, in the median on Oretha Castle Haley Boulevard. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1504 Oretha Castle Haley Blvd, New Orleans LA 70113, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Byrd Residence (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Higgins Boat (LCVP) (approx. 0.3 miles away); Saint Theresa of Avila Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Margaret's Place and Walk / Lower Garden District
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(approx. 0.4 miles away); St. Charles Line (approx. 0.4 miles away); 8 in. Columbaid Cannon (approx. half a mile away); Atlantic Wall Fragments (approx. half a mile away); The Beginning (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Orleans.
 
Also see . . .  Wikipedia article on the New Orleans Mass Lynchings. (Submitted on January 2, 2021.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 20, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 2, 2021, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 52 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 2, 2021, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana.
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Mar. 9, 2021