Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Third Division - First Corps
— Army of the Potomac —
First Corps Third Division
Brig. Gen. George J. Stannard
Col. Francis V. Randall
12th. 13th. 14th. 15th. 16th. Vermont Infantry
The 12th. and 15th. were guarding Corps trains
July 1 Arrived at dusk and took position on right of Third Corps.
July 2 Joined the Corps and went into position at the left and rear of the Cemetery. Just before dusk a detachment advanced to the Emmitsburg Road and captured about 80 prisoners and recovered 4 abandoned Union guns.
July 3 In position on left of Second Division Second Corps at the time of Longstreet's assault. The 13th and 16th advanced against Major Gen Pickett's Division changed front forward and attacked its right throwing it into confusion and capturing many prisoners. The 16th and part of 14th then went to the left and attacked the advancing Brigades of Brig. Gen. Wilcox and Perry (Col. Lang) and captured three flags and many prisoners.
Casualties. Killed 1 officer 44 men. Wounded 12 officers 262 men. Captured or missing 32 men. Total 351.
Erected 1912 by Gettysburg
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 1, 1863.
Location. 39° 48.556′ N, 77° 14.193′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Hancock Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Located beside the Vermont State Memorial on Cemetery Ridge in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 16th Vermont Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Vermont (within shouting distance of this marker); 14th Vermont Volunteers (within shouting distance of this marker); 13th Vermont Volunteer Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 13th Vermont (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named 13th Vermont (within shouting distance of this marker); Major General Winfield Scott Hancock (within shouting distance of this marker); 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . .
1. High Water Mark. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on February 23, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Report of Brig. Gen. George J. Stannard. Stannard described the counterattacks
The charge was aimed directly upon my command, but owing apparently to the firm front shown them, the enemy diverged midway, and came upon the line on my right. But they did not thus escape the warm reception prepared for them by the Vermonters. During this charge the enemy suffered from the fire of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth, the range being short. At the commencement of the attack, I called the Sixteenth from the skirmish line, and placed them in close column by division in my immediate rear. As soon as the change of the point of attack became evident, I ordered a flank attack upon the enemy's column. Forming in the open meadow in front of our lines, the Thirteenth changed front forward on first company; the Sixteenth, after deploying, performed the same, and formed on the left of the Thirteenth, at right angles to the main line of our army, bringing them in line of battle upon the flank of the charging division of the enemy, and opened a destructive fire at short range, which the enemy sustained but a very few moments before the larger portion of them surrendered and marched in--not as conquerors, but as captives. I then ordered the two regiments into their former position. The order was not filled when I saw another rebel column charging immediately upon our left. Colonel Veazey, of the Sixteenth, was at once ordered to attack it in its turn upon the flank. This was done as successfully as before. (Submitted on February 23, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 3, 2020. It was originally submitted on February 23, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 735 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on February 23, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.