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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Baker in Fallon County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

Fallon County Jail

 
 
Fallon County Jail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 12, 2020
1. Fallon County Jail Marker
Inscription.  The completion of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and Pacific Railroad line through this area in 1908 brought an influx of homesteaders, increasing the demand for county services. Simultaneously, the Progressive Movement in Montana sparked a county splitting craze. An acrimonious battle soon erupted between Ekalaka, Baker, and Wibaux for designation as county seat of the recently formed Fallon County. In 1915, the Montana Supreme Court upheld the election of Baker as county seat and the county commissioners took immediate steps to build a permanent courthouse and county jail. The commissioners worked to act quickly to provide tangible proof that Baker was the political center of the county. The county contracted with the architectural firm of Link and Haire, who specialized in public buildings, to design a jail and heating plant to cost less than $9,000. The Craftsman style Fallon County Jail expresses the firm’s adaptability to smaller buildings and limited budgets. Gable-front porches supported by Doric columns of exposed aggregate protect the entrance. The first floor served as the sheriff’s residence with a simple living space of plain
Fallon County Jail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 12, 2020
2. Fallon County Jail Marker
The marker is located at the right side of the entrance.
woodwork and hardwood floors. The second floor housed the jail; one room had two cells for women and the other room had four cells for men. The cells were removed in 1974, but the second floor windows retain the original steel bars. Constructed in 1916, the jail well represents Montana’s homestead era, incorporating Craftsman ideals of honesty and simplicity expressed in concrete and stucco. The O’Fallon County Museum opened in 1980.
 
Erected by Montana Historical Society.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ArchitectureLaw EnforcementNotable Buildings. In addition, it is included in the Montana National Register Sign Program series list.
 
Location. 46° 21.613′ N, 104° 16.545′ W. Marker is in Baker, Montana, in Fallon County. Marker is on South Main Street near West Lincoln Avenue, on the left when traveling north. The jail is now part of the O'Fallon Historical Museum. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 723 South Main Street, Baker MT 59313, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. After The Roundup (approx. 10½ miles away).
 
Fallon County Jail image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 12, 2020
3. Fallon County Jail
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 8, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 8, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 47 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 8, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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Feb. 25, 2021