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Hysham in Treasure County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

Fort Pease

 
 
Fort Pease Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 14, 2020
1. Fort Pease Marker
Inscription.  Fort Pease was established in June of 1875 a few miles below the mouth of the Bighorn by Bozeman businessmen speculating that the fort would serve as the head of steamboat navigation on the Yellowstone.
For much of the winter of 1875-76, the fort, having been built on favored tribal hunting grounds, was under constant harassment by the Lakota. During the winter, with six trappers killed and eight wounded, the situation became so dire that the trappers sent for help from the military at Fort Ellis near Bozeman.
Four companies of the Second Cavalry lead by Major James S. Brisbin arrived at Fort Pease in early March 1876 to relieve the fort. Even though the Lakota had not been seen for a month and the trappers had resumed trapping and hunting, Brisbin had orders to bring the trappers back to Fort Ellis. Two days later, the cavalry and the trappers headed west as ordered, leaving the fort intact assuming the Indians would burn the fort to the ground when found abandoned.
The Montana Column, commanded by Colonel John Gibbon, arrived in the area on April 19, 1876 and found the deserted fort virtually untouched. The American flag was
Fort Pease Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 14, 2020
2. Fort Pease Marker
still flying and a dog greeted the troops. The next day, dispatches from General Terry arrived ordering Gibbon to continue his patrol of the north side of the Yellowstone preventing any Indian movement across the river. Colonel Gibbon occupied the fort for two weeks sending out scouting parties up and down the Yellowstone and as far south as Bighorn Canyon before moving downriver to the Rosebud confluence.
In the aftermath of the Little Bighorn defeat. the Montana Column and the decimation Seventh Cavalry regrouped at Fort Pease waiting nearly a month for resupply and reinforcement. By late July 1876, the military had already determined that suppling Fort Pease late in the summer would be difficult due to low water levels. There was discussion about building a fort at the Rosebud confluence but the military finally settled on the cantonment site at the confluence of the Tongue River with construction beginning on Fort Keogh in early 1877.
 
Erected by Custer Circle Project - 2017 and City of Hysham.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWars, US Indian.
 
Location. 46° 17.568′ N, 107° 13.957′ W. Marker is in Hysham, Montana, in Treasure County. Marker is at the intersection of Elliot Avenue and
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Division Street, on the left when traveling west on Elliot Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 319 Elliot Avenue, Hysham MT 59038, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Yucca Theatre and David M. Manning Residence (within shouting distance of this marker); Jedediah Smith (approx. 5.2 miles away); Hysham and Treasure County (approx. 5.2 miles away); a different marker also named Jedediah Smith (approx. 5.2 miles away); Sanders Gymnasium (approx. 6.2 miles away); The Yellowstone Valley (approx. 9.1 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Fort Pease -- Legends of America. The trading post was named for Major Fellows D. Pease, an expedition leader, and Indian trader. It was located just below the mouth of the Big Horn River not far from old Fort Lisa. It was hoped by the Bozeman traders that the site might become an important riverboat site. (Submitted on January 22, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 22, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 22, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 36 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 22, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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Mar. 5, 2021