Trenton in Mercer County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Who, What and Where were Sanhickans?
The Sanhickans were a band of the Algonquian-speaking Lenape that occupied the Middle Delaware valley at the time of European contact in the 17th century. The Lenape territory ranged from the Atlantic coastline inland up into the Delaware, Raritan and Lower Hudson valleys. The Sanhickans were frequently at war with their Lenape neighbors, the Manhattans, who controlled territory to the northeast.
Sanhickans, spelled in various ways (Sankikans, Stankekans, Zanckikan), was also the name given to the village occupied by this Lenape band. The village was spread across both sides of the Delaware River around and opposite the mouth of the Assunpink Creek, and apparently extended on to islands in the river and as far downstream as Crosswicks Creek. Sanhickans served as a base camp for Native Americans exploiting resources in the surrounding area and was well situated to take advantage of rock outcrops suitable for stone tool manufacture, clay for pottery making, fish that spawned here at the head of tide, and plants and animals in the floodplain habitat.
Two clusters of longhouses marked as “Stankekans” are shown,
Erected 2004 by New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Native Americans.
Location. 40° 11.888′ N, 74° 45.499′ W. Marker is in Trenton, New Jersey, in Mercer County. Marker can be reached from New Jersey Route 29. This marker is part of South River Walk Park which is built over Route 29. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Trenton NJ 08611, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Native Americans Exchange Furs for European Goods (here, next to this marker); What happened to the Lenape? (here, next to this marker); Native American Artifacts – Clubs to Prehistory (here, next to this marker); Europeans at the Falls of the Delaware (here, next to this marker); Quakers Lead the Settlement of West Jersey (here, next to this marker); The West Jersey Proprietors Rule (here, next to this marker); William Trent of Trent’s Town (here, next to this marker); Pre-17th Century Trenton Timeline (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Trenton.
More about this marker. This is one of 4 subject markers under the pre-17th Century Arch.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 3, 2021. It was originally submitted on December 15, 2007, by Gary Nigh of Trenton, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,062 times since then and 7 times this year. Last updated on February 2, 2021, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 15, 2007, by Gary Nigh of Trenton, New Jersey. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.