Nashville in Davidson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Hylan Leitus Rosser
1847 - 1864
Rosser was only 16 when he enlisted in Lumsden's Battery in 1863. His older brothers Menander and Lauron had already enrolled in this Alabama artillery battery. It had been recruited in Tuscaloosa by University of Alabama instructor Charles Lumsden. Captain Lumsden was a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute.
A History of Lumsden's Battery offers numerous stories. The soldiers left comfortable homes and often “slept on the ground in the open air, a new thing then, the general rule thereafter.” They knew how to enjoy themselves. Menander Rosser was one of two buglers. “One freezing night some of the boys emptied a gourd of water into the open mouth of the bugle, thus filling the coils...” Imagine their satisfaction when he was unable to blow reveille the next morning! They knew victory and later defeat.
Lumsden's Battery made a heroic stand in the Battle of Nashville. They were assigned to hold Redoubt Four, an earthen fortification still under construction. Lumsden's 4 smoothbore Napoleon cannon faced at least 26 U.S. rifled cannon. They were supported by about 100 Alabama infantrymen, commanded by Captain John Foster. For over 3 hours a “network of shrieking shells” filled the air. Then perhaps 7,000 U.S. troops attacked and took Redoubt 4. Hylan Rosser had been killed by an artillery shell. Brothers Menander and Lauron remained to bury Hylan, though it resulted in their capture. Redoubt 4 is partially extant at the end of a modern road, Foster Hill (named for Captain Foster).
In 1867 the U.S. government established a cemetery on Gallatin Pike for their military dead. Their rules did not permit burial of our Confederate dead. Prisoners of war that died while in Nashville were thrown in trenches at City Cemetery. Confederates killed in the Battle of Nashville were typically buried where they fell. This was the case for Rosser. This sad situation was distressing to area citizens. In 1869 they purchased this site, now known as Confederate Circle. It was to hold as many as 2,000 dead. The Circle was to be surrounded by a 20-foot carriage way, bordered by magnolias.
Erected by General Joseph E. Johnston Camp, Sons of Confederate Veterans.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Sons of Confederate Veterans/United Confederate Veterans series list.
Location. 36° 8.923′ N, 86° 44.089′ W. Marker is in Nashville, Tennessee, in Davidson County. Marker can be reached from Lebanon Pike. Marker is on Confederate Circle at Mt. Olivet Cemetery. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1101 Lebanon Pike, Nashville TN 37210, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Thomas Benton Smith (here, next to this marker); Adolphus Heiman (within shouting distance of this marker); Mary Elizabeth Bradford Johns (within shouting distance of this marker); Mary Kate Patterson Davis Hill Kyle (within shouting distance of this marker); John Bell (within shouting distance of this marker); Adelicia Hayes Franklin Acklen Cheatham (within shouting distance of this marker); James Edwards Rains (within shouting distance of this marker); William Hicks Jackson (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Nashville.
More about this marker. Marker is part of the Mt. Olivet Confederate Memorial Hall Trail.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 8, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 7, 2021, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 34 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 7, 2021, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.