Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Frederick
"Best little battle of the war"
— Early's 1864 Washington Raid —
Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early drove Union Gen. David Hunter into West Virginia after the Battle of Lynchburg, Va., clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Federal forces. To draw Union troops from Petersburg, Early launched a raid on Washington D.C., on June 23, 1864. Union Gen. Lew Wallace delayed the Confederates at Monocacy, giving Petersburg reinforcements time to stiffen the capital's defenses. Early probed briefly on July 11-12 and withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley, where he stopped his pursuers at Cool Spring on July 17-18. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant then detached forces under Gen. Philip H. Sheridan to crush Early.
This area was farm fields in 1864. Here, a make-shift force under Union Gen. Lew Wallace blocked Confederate cavalry from occupying Frederick on July 7. Wallace had assembled the Federal force at Monocacy Junction, about three miles south, and then ordered the units here. The fight began about 4 P.M. when Gen. Jubal A. Early's army under Frederick native Bradley T. Johnson approached. It raged until darkness fell four hours later. Col. Charles Gilpin, 3rd Maryland Potomac
As the fight ensued, reinforcements and ammunition were rushed to Wallace from Baltimore. On July 9, at the Battle of Monocacy, Wallace's force held for a day against Early's much larger Confederate army. Union resistance here and at the Battle of Monocacy gave Federal authorities in Washington time to reinforce the city's defenses against Early's attack.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 39° 24.946′ Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 996 West Patrick Street, Frederick MD 21703, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lloyd C. Culler (approx. 0.8 miles away); Schifferstadt (approx. 0.8 miles away); Schifferstadt Architectural Museum (approx. 0.8 miles away); Gettysburg Campaign (approx. 0.8 miles away); Major General George Gordon Meade (approx. 0.8 miles away); Meade Takes Command (approx. 0.8 miles away); Here and There (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 29, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 937 times since then and 30 times this year. Last updated on February 16, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on August 29, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 2. submitted on February 14, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on August 29, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.