“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Frederick, Maryland

Clickable Map of Frederick County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Frederick County, MD (527) Carroll County, MD (164) Howard County, MD (138) Montgomery County, MD (667) Washington County, MD (848) Adams County, PA (1392) Franklin County, PA (207) Loudoun County, VA (308)  FrederickCounty(527) Frederick County (527)  CarrollCounty(164) Carroll County (164)  HowardCounty(138) Howard County (138)  MontgomeryCounty(667) Montgomery County (667)  WashingtonCounty(848) Washington County (848)  AdamsCountyPennsylvania(1392) Adams County (1392)  FranklinCounty(207) Franklin County (207)  LoudounCountyVirginia(308) Loudoun County (308)
Frederick is the county seat for Frederick County
Frederick is in Frederick County
      Frederick County (527)  
      Carroll County (164)  
      Howard County (138)  
      Montgomery County (667)  
      Washington County (848)  
      Adams County, Pennsylvania (1392)  
      Franklin County, Pennsylvania (207)  
      Loudoun County, Virginia (308)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — “Frederick's Other City”
When Frederick Town was laid out in 1745, founder Daniel Dulany provided lots to different faith denominations to build churches. These would serve as centers of religious, educational and social life for the new settlers in Maryland's colonial . . . Map (db m104185) HM
2Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — “South Magnetic”
The compass Meridian Stones of Frederick County. One of two stones set in 1896 by USC&GS to establish a true meridian line. Used by surveyors to check compass variations pursuant to Article 25, Code of MD ──── . . . Map (db m89631) HM
3Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — “The Great Baby Waker”
On April 22, 1783, this historic cannon announced the end of the American Revolution here on the western frontier of the new nation Cast at the Mount Aetna forge near Hagerstown, this iron fortification gun entered service at the New Frederick . . . Map (db m103370) HM
4Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 10th Vermont Monument
This monument was erected by the State Of Vermont to designate the position of the Tenth Vermont Infantry during the battle fought here on the ninth day of July 1864 to save Washington, "and we saved it." Seven companies occupied the Washington . . . Map (db m170755) HM
5Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 14th New Jersey Infantry Regiment
Erected by the State of New Jersey to commemorate the heroic services of the 14th Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Corps Army of the Potomac, at the Battle of Monocacy, MD July 9th 1864. ********* The . . . Map (db m13301) HM
6Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 173 West All Saints Street
In this property At 173 West All Saints Street Dr. Ulysses G. Bourne and Dr. Charles Brooks Operated a 15-Bed Hospital for African Americans from 1919 to 1928 This Plaque Erected By The Kiwanis Club of Frederick June . . . Map (db m107230) HM
7Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m2708) HM
8Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m18382) HM
9Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m97907) HM
10Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George . . . Map (db m194555) HM
11Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Bold Plan
In June 1864, with Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant intent on destroying Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army, Lee developed a bold plan to capture Washington, D.C. He sent Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early with 15,000 troops to invade . . . Map (db m78623) HM
12Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Bold Plan
In June 1864, with Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant intent on destroying Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army, Lee developed a bold plan to capture Washington, D.C. He sent Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early with 15,000 troops to invade . . . Map (db m104162) HM
13Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Crossroads of American HistoryThe Frederick Square Corner
The Square Corner, at the intersection of Patrick and Market Streets, has long been the commercial and financial heart of Frederick. It is here that the National Road meets several important north-south roads that lead to Pennsylvania, Virginia, and . . . Map (db m2748) HM
14Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Good Night's RestFrederick's Hotel Block
This part of downtown Frederick has long been a place of lodging and hospitality for travelers along the National Road. Kimball's Inn, Talbott's Tavern, the City Hotel and the Francis Scott Key Hotel have occupied this site for over two hundred . . . Map (db m104243) HM
15Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Ambush
On the morning of July 9, 1864, John T. Worthington sent his family to safety in the cellar. From an upstairs window he watched Confederate General McCausland lead his cavalry brigade of 1,400 men into an ambush. Concealed behind a fence and waist . . . Map (db m89982) HM
16Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Arts & Entertainment
Learn to paint at the Delaplaine Visual Arts Education Center or catch outrageous improve and other stage productions at the Maryland Ensemble Theatre. Dance on your toes at the Cultural Arts Center or ponder the trompe l'oeil elements of the . . . Map (db m129735) HM
17Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — B & O Railroad Station"No malice in my heart" — Antietam Campaign —
At this intersection, President Abraham Lincoln spoke from a railroad car platform to Frederick residents assembled in the street on October 4, 1862. He had just returned from viewing the battlefields of South Mountain and Antietam and had called on . . . Map (db m60166) HM
18Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Barbara Fritchie Cabins & Tea Room
Site of Barbara Fritchie Cabins 1933 - 1987 erected by Charles A. Faust Barbara Fritchie Tea Room 1938 - 1987Map (db m107063) HM
19Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Barbara Fritchie House“Shoot if you must this old gray head, but spare your country’s flag.” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
As the Confederate army marched through Frederick on September 10, 1862, feisty local Unionists—mostly women—showed their defiance by waving the Stars and Stripes. The poet John Greenleaf Whittier immortalized one of them in “The Ballad of Barbara . . . Map (db m2693) HM
20Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Barbara Fritchie: Civil War Heroine
"Over Barbara Frietchie's grave, Flag of Freedom and Union, wave!John Greenleaf Whittier From the poem, entitled “Barbara Frietchie,” Atlantic Monthly magazine, October, 1863 Barbara . . . Map (db m127719) HM
21Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle BeginsMonocacy National Battlefield
About 8 o'clock a dash was made by the enemy under cover of artillery fire, to drive us from out position, hoping to gain the pike, and proceed on their way to Washington. — Private Daniel B. Freeman, Company G, 10th Vermont Infantry . . . Map (db m78507) HM
22Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle of Frederick"Best little battle of the war" — Early's 1864 Washington Raid —
(preface) Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early drove Union Gen. David Hunter into West Virginia after the Battle of Lynchburg, Va., clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Federal forces. To draw Union troops from Petersburg, Early launched a raid . . . Map (db m167015) HM
23Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle of MonocacyThe Battle that saved Washington
Here along the Monocacy River on July 9, 1864, was fought the battle between Union forces under General Lew Wallace and Confederate forces under General Jubal A. Early. The battle, although a temporary victory for the Confederates, delayed their . . . Map (db m3218) HM
24Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Best Family Farm8:30 a.m. July 9, 1864 — Monocacy National Battlefield, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The John T. Best family was going about its chores of tending cows, hogs, chickens, and fields of wheat, oats, and corn. The Bests were used to working amid soldiers, for Union and Confederate troops had camped here on the South Hermitage farm . . . Map (db m194537) HM
25Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Birthplace of William Tyler Page
Birthplace William Tyler Page Oct. 19, 1868 Author of The American's Creed Placed by Frederick, Chapter, D.A.R.Map (db m89037) HM
26Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Braddock, Washington, and Franklin
On April 23, 1755 At a Tavern located near this spot General Edward Braddock Colonel George Washington and Benjamin Franklin Met to plan the British assault on Ft. Dusquesne During the French & Indian War This plaque erected by the Kiwanis Club . . . Map (db m2725) HM
27Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Burning of the Bridge12:00 noon July 9, 1864 — Monocacy National Battlefield —
Confederates wearing captured blue uniforms had killed or wounded several Union skirmishers who had been sent across the Monocacy River to hold the Georgetown Turnpike and B&O Railroad bridges "at all hazards." The two sides traded shots all . . . Map (db m194546) HM
28Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Burning the Bridge — Monocacy National Battlefield —
On July 9, 1864, a wooden covered bridge spanned the Monocacy River where you see the present-day Urbana Pike Bridge. The covered bridge provided easy movement for the Confederates, intent on speeding 15,000 troops with their horses, wagons, and . . . Map (db m194547) HM
29Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Bush Creek Crossing
A wagon road crossed Bush Creek at this location connecting the Georgetown Pike with roads to Baltimore. As Federal troops withdrew from the battlefield, they passed Gambrill's Mill and followed this road toward Baltimore, leaving the field to the . . . Map (db m194553) HM
30Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Capital For A SummerFoiling Maryland Secession
The building in front of you, Kemp Hall, was the capitol of Maryland during the spring and summer of 1861, as the state came perilously close to leaving the Union. Because secession would have placed the U.S. capital, Washington, D.C. between the . . . Map (db m67247) HM
31Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Caught in the Crossfire
Since the war's onset John T. Best had grown accustomed to seeing Union and Confederate soldiers on his farm, but the morning of July 9, 1864, was different. Shots rang out on the farm and a battle ensued. Confederate artillery moved into the . . . Map (db m194539) HM
32Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Chuck Foreman FieldDedicated to Walter Eugene "Chuck" Foreman — September 22, 2014 —
Frederick High School alumnus Chuck Foreman excelled at track, basketball, and football. He played defensive back, wide receiver, and running back positions for the University of Miami Hurricanes before being drafted by the Minnesota Vikings in . . . Map (db m137815) HM
33Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — City HallFormer Frederick County Courthouse — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
Connections with the Civil War abound around this Courthouse Square, where the first official act of defiance against the British crown - the 1765 Stamp Act Repudiation - occurred almost a century earlier. In 1857, Roger Brooke Taney, Chief Justice . . . Map (db m2815) HM
34Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Civil War Children's Memorial
Dedicated to the Memory of The Children Who Served and Died In the Civil War 1861-1865Map (db m103206) WM
35Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Civil War Hospital Center
Frederick County's ties to the American Civil War run deep, so it should come as no surprise that it is part of Maryland's Heart of the Civil War Heritage Area and The Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area/National Scenic Byway. . . . Map (db m119144) HM
36Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Civilians Under SiegeMonocacy National Battlefield
On the morning of July 9, 1864, C. Keefer Thomas hosted two Union officers at his breakfast table, talking about the impeding battle. Later that morning as the battle drew near, the Thomas family, with several houseguests, neighbors, enslaved . . . Map (db m89983) HM
37Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Clustered Spires of Frederick
John Greenleaf Whittier immortalized Barbara Fritchie and the town of Frederick in his poem about the elderly Frederick resident who supposedly displayed the Union flag as Southern soldiers marched by on September 10, 1862. On July 9, 1864, . . . Map (db m3290) HM
38Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Commemoration
On July 9, 1907, 43 years after the battle of Monocacy, 180 veterans of the 14th New Jersey Regiment returned to dedicate this monument in honor of their comrades and their sacrifices. Most of the men wore a memorial pin on their lapel, given to . . . Map (db m82291) HM
39Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Company A, 1st Battalion, 115th Infantry Regiment Memorial
In special tribute to those who participated in the "D" Day Invasion-Normandy France, June 6, 1944 Since 1775 Dedicated to all those past and present who have served in peace and war as members of Company A, 1st Bn, 115th Infantry . . . Map (db m103364) WM
40Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Confederate Row
Frederick County was central to the Civil War military campaigns of 1862, 1863, and 1864, while Frederick City served as a major hospital center for soldiers of both armies. Hundreds of men died here, prompting the need for local Burial. Many . . . Map (db m103169) HM
41Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Confederate Sentinel
Erected A.D. 1880. By the Ladies Monumental Association of Frederick County In honor of the soldiers of the Confederate Army who fell in the battles of Antietam, Monocacy, and elsewhere and are here buried. Honor To the Brave . . . Map (db m103172) WM
42Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Confederates Invade Maryland
7:00 a.m, July 9, 1864 Confederate troops under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early streamed through the gaps of South Mountain and the Catoctins and headed south past Frederick. Bound for Washington, D.C., they were stopped here at the Best family farm by . . . Map (db m194536) HM
43Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Cultures Meet
Two tides of immigration met at Frederick Town, the westernmost settlement in Maryland at the time of its founding in 1745. English people came primarily from southern Maryland, the oldest and first developed section of the colony. Germans came . . . Map (db m152364) HM
44Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Desperate Escape
After Union General Wallace ordered the covered bridge burned, the railroad bridge became the only route of escape for Lieutenant Davis and his men, who were seperated from the rest of the Union forces by the river. His troops fought bravely all . . . Map (db m194549) HM
45Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Diehl Memorial Fountain
The original memorial, unveiled on August 17, 1911, was dedicated to the humane efforts of Marie Diehl (1855-1907), a founder of the Frederick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, now the Frederick County Humane Society. The . . . Map (db m119143) HM
46Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Edgewood
The success of miller James H. Gambrill became apparent when he built Edgewood, the grand house on the hill. When it was constructed around 1872, the brick, three-story Second Empire style house was one of the largest single-family residences in . . . Map (db m90479) HM
47Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Enoch Louis Lowe
The Home of Enoch Louis Lowe Aug. 10, 1820 — Aug. 23, 1892 Governor of Maryland 1851 — 1854 Marked by the Historical Society of Frederick County March 25, 1956Map (db m103320) HM
48Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Evangelical Lutheran Church
This tablet is erected to the Glory of God and in grateful recognition of those who organized this congregation and have maintained it for two hundred years 1738   Congregation organized. 1743   Log church built on the Monocacy. . . . Map (db m14022) HM
49Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Federal Retreat4:30-5:00 p.m. July 9, 1864 — Monocacy National Battlefield —
The Northerners held, then lost, then retook the Thomas house grounds as the fighting ebbed and flowed in the stifling heat. Casualties mounted quickly on both sides. Union Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace could see that his numbers were dwindling and that . . . Map (db m194544) HM
50Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Federals Take a Stand7:00 a.m., July 9, 1864 — Monocacy National Battlefield, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
After skirmishing on July 8 with Confederates west of Frederick, MD, Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace’s 5,800 Union troops—many of them “raw and untried”—took a stand at the Monocacy River. Wallace carefully chose this critical intersection of the river, . . . Map (db m3247) HM
51Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Final Attack
Come on, Georgians, follow me and we will show these (Confederate) cavalrymen how to fight. Confederate General Clement Evans (As heard by Private N. Harris, 16th Virginia Cavalry) After the failed cavalry attacks on Thomas Farm, . . . Map (db m194545) HM
52Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Final Resting PlaceFrancis Scott Key
In the final months of his life Francis Scott Key enjoyed visits to Terra Rubra farm, his boyhood home not far from Frederick Town. He thought and wrote about the end of life and his hopes of immortality in a life to come. Key died at his . . . Map (db m75758) HM WM
53Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Final StandMonocacy National Battlefield
The Union troops held the Confederates at bay for most of the day. Around 4:30 p.m. the Union front collapsed and fell back to the Georgetown Pike, where they used the protection of the road bank in their final stand. The Union soldiers fronted . . . Map (db m78505) HM
54Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — First Black High School in Frederick County1921
Founded by Mr. John W. Burner Supervisor of All Black Schools in Frederick County Principal Mr. Maurice Reid Sponsor Frederick Chapter NAACPMap (db m107198) HM
55Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Fleeing for Their Lives8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. July 9, 1864 — Monocacy National Battlefield, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Distressed that their main escape route had been burned, the stranded Federal skirmishers fought on as they faced periodic Confederate attacks. Late in the afternoon, they gradually fell back towards the Baltimore & Ohio bridge. About 5:00 p.m., . . . Map (db m194548) HM
56Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Former Site of Tory Gaol
A log jailhouse (gaol), built to house British prisoners or Tories, stood on this site in June, 1776. The tiny two story gaol was 30 feet long and 20 wide. The six-room facility held prisoners throughout the Revolutionary War. Converted to a stable . . . Map (db m4960) HM
57Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyThomas Johnson Barbara Fritchie
Francis Scott Key Author of “The Star Spangled Banner”Born in Frederick County, Maryland, 1779. Died in Baltimore 1843 and there buried. Removed to Federick 1866 and interred in family lot. In 1898 the remains of Francis Scott Key and Mary . . . Map (db m2731) HM
58Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyWar of 1812 Soldier — Aug. 1, 1779 - Jan. 11, 1843 —
Lieutenant who first served with the Georgetown Artillary in July 1813, and later under Major George Peter as a Lieut. and Quartermaster from June 19 to July 1, 1814. On Aug. 24, 1814 he helped with the deployment of troops in Bladensburg defending . . . Map (db m103219) HM
59Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyRotary International
The Thirty Fourth District ·Rotary International· At Its First Conference March 1923 Pays This Tribute to Francis Scott Key · Author of· Our National Anthem ⟵·⟶ “And the Star Spangled Banner, Oh, . . . Map (db m104597) HM
60Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyUnited Daughters of 1812
The National Society United Daughters of 1812 State Presidents and Charter Members April 5, 1979 Pay this tribute to Francis Scott Key Author of Our National Anthem ⟵·⟶ “Then Conquer We Must When . . . Map (db m104602) HM
61Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott Key
Frederick's favorite son is celebrated throughout the US before every kickoff, face-off and first pitch. The author of the “Star Spangled Banner,” Francis Scott Key was born in Frederick County and launched his law career here in 1801. . . . Map (db m107306) HM
62Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyFrederick's Immortal Patriot — 1779 - 1843 —
The man Americans honor as the author of "The Star-Spangled Banner" began his life and career in Frederick County, Maryland. Here he first learned the American values that guided his life. Key was a child of the American Revolution, and saw . . . Map (db m198000) HM
63Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — FrederickA Town becomes a City
Frederick Town was founded in 1745 when Daniel Dulany the Elder carved out an eastern portion of his 7,000 acre parcel patented as "Tasker's Chance." The town was then laid out in an orderly grid with Patrick Street designated as the east-west . . . Map (db m2805) HM
64Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County Korean War Veterans MemorialJune 25 1950 • January 31 1955
Killed in Action Charles Austin Brandenburg • Paul Kenneth Carty Manville Eugene Dagenhart • Jacob Augustus Ely Raymond Randolph Flair • Edward Ray Fisher Samuel Oliver Frye • Albert Eugene Green Raymond Louis Kemp Jr • Harvey Elmer . . . Map (db m103314) WM
65Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County Veterans Memorial
This memorial is placed in remembrance of Frederick County's Sons and Daughters who served our nation at home and abroad May we always remember that the price of liberty is eternal vigilance. . . . Map (db m103277) WM
66Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County Vietnam Veterans MemorialLest We Forget
Dedicated to those who served Those who gave their lives in the service of their country Robert E. Smith, Jr HN USN • May 15, 1966 Daniel S. Brittain 2Lt USMC • May 20, 1966 Richard W. Meehan 1LT USA • August 8, 1966 Robert H. Lerner . . . Map (db m103264) WM
67Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County World War I Memorial
This monument was erected in honor of the sons and daughters of Frederick County who served their country in the Great World War 1917 • 1918 ————— These died for their country [Roll of Honored . . . Map (db m103389) WM
68Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick Evangelical Reformed Church Memorial Ground
In this Memorial Ground which was donated to Frederick County and Frederick City by the Evangelical Reformed Church of Frederick, Maryland lie buried the following persons [List of burials]Map (db m103425) HM
69Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick Town BarracksThe American Revolution 1776 - 1783
These barracks served as the first public building for the new state. Founded in 1777, the limestone twins stood tall two years later, thanks to contractor Abraham Faw and local craftsmen. Set atop strategic ground, the Barracks controlled the . . . Map (db m103418) HM
70Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick’s Poet LawyerFrancis Scott Key
Born in what was then northeast Frederick County, Key’s parents first brought him to “Frederick-Town” to be baptized. His parents often rode to the county seat here. Key walked these streets whenever the family came to Frederick. . . . Map (db m67248) HM
71Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick's Boys High School
On this site Frederick's Boys High School was constructed in 1911-12 as a "public secondary school for boys" (minutes Frederick County Board of School Commissioners). The co-educational Frederick High School served as the community's primary . . . Map (db m129740) HM
72Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick's Carroll Creek
Frederick Town was strategically laid out along both sides of Carroll Creek in 1745 by Daniel Dulany, a prominent Annapolis land speculator. Like many colonial towns, the town creek would be the lifeblood of the community, provider of drinking and . . . Map (db m119142) HM
73Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gambrill House
James H. Gambrill prospered as a miller after the Civil War, and the family moved up in the world - from a modest dwelling on the lowlands near the mill to this 17-room house on the hill. The three-story frame structure, built about 1872, has . . . Map (db m194067) HM
74Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gambrill MillMonocacy National Battlefield
Mill owner James H. Gambrill used his wits to survive the turmoil. A Southern sympathizer, he sold flour to Northern troops as they set up their line of defense on his land. During the battle he took refuge inside the mill with Samuel S. Thomas . . . Map (db m3262) HM
75Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gen. Bradley T. JohnsonA Visitor in His Own Hometown — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —
(preface) In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early’s corps from Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter’s army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded . . . Map (db m75747) HM
76Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock traveled over this road in April 1755 (in a coach and six horses purchased from Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland)after a protracted conference in Frederick with Benjamin Franklin and others concerning the securing of teams, . . . Map (db m1247) HM
77Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — General LaFayette
Friend of America and Liberty Arrived at the bridge nearby on his way to Frederick December 29, 1824 —————— Created by a delegation of citizens including the gallant Lawrence Everhart who had come to escort him . . . Map (db m2326) HM
78Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — George Washington
On August 5 and 6, 1785, and again June 30 and July 1, 1791, was the guest of Thomas Johnson at the latter's manorial residence which stood on the site of the present farm house, about 150 yards east of this point. Thomas Johnson, a member of the . . . Map (db m1538) HM
79Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — George Washington Bicentennial Memorial1732 • 1932
Washington first took command of the American Army under the grandparent of this elm Cambridge, Mass. July 3, 1775. ——————— Raised by Maryland D.A.R., given and marked by the American Legion . . . Map (db m103414) HM WM
80Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . Map (db m2792) HM
81Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Goodloe Edgar Byron1929 - 1978
This scenic overlook is dedicated to Congressman Byron, a native of Williamsport, Maryland, who represented Maryland's 6th District from 1970 to 1978. He served as Captain with the U.S. Army's Third Armored Division. An avid outdoorsman and marathon . . . Map (db m159441) HM
82Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gordon’s Decisive Attack3:00-4:30 p.m. July 9, 1864 — Monocacy National Battlefield, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
So profuse was the flow of blood from the killed and wounded of both sides of these forces that it reddened the stream [on the Thomas Farm] for more than 100 yards below. Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon The first Confederate troops to cross the . . . Map (db m89244) HM
83Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Graves, Monument and Memorials of the Civil War
Mount Olivet Cemetery contains the graves of hundreds of Union and Confederate soldiers who fought in the nearby battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Gettysburg and Monocacy. Interesting locations include Barbara Fritchie's gravesite, . . . Map (db m197998) HM
84Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Graves, Monuments, and Memorialsof the American Civil War
In Mount Olivet Cemetery are the graves of Union and Confederate soldiers who fought in the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Gettysburg, and Monocacy. Near the graves is the Confederate Monument, and the Memorial to children who fought and died . . . Map (db m2733) HM
85Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Headquarters of Generals Robert E. Lee, "Stonewall" Jackson and Longstreet Sept. 6-9, 1862.
Here was written the famous lost order No. 191 and the proclamation to the people of Maryland.Map (db m155658) HM
86Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Here and There
For over a century, the "Swinging Bridge," a cast iron suspension bridge with wobbly wood planking, made crossing Carroll Creek a memorable affair. Originally located downstream at Bentz Street, it was reassembled here in 1929 along the newly . . . Map (db m129737) HM
87Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Hessian Barracks - Witness to History
1777 Built at direction of Maryland General Assembly 1778-79 Quartered Hessian and Convention prisoners captured at Bennington and Saratoga 1782 Quartered Hessian and Bayreuth Yager Regiments following Cornwallis' surrender 1799 . . . Map (db m2739) HM
88Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Historic Frederick BarracksWar of 1812 Period
The limestone barracks in front of you, built in 1778, is among the oldest and most important surviving American military structures in the nation. The barracks consisted of two L-shaped buildings, but only the eastern wing remains today. During the . . . Map (db m103369) HM
89Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — History of the Monocacy River Valley
The earliest inhabitants of the Monocacy River Valley lived here about 12,000 years ago. These Native Americans lived in territorial, semi-nomadic groups dependent upon hunting, fishing, and food gathering. When European settlers first came to . . . Map (db m3287) HM
90Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Home of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney
Home of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney and his wife Anne Key -- Erected by Frederick Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1938Map (db m2821) HM
91Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Home of the Brave
“Then did I remember that there were gathered around that banner, among its defenders, men who had heard and answered the call of their country — from these mountain sides, from this beautiful valley, and from this fair city of my . . . Map (db m103221) HM
92Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Hood College
The Woman's College of Frederick, Maryland now known as Hood College was founded on this site on May 12, 1893 Map (db m152356) HM
93Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Hood College1893 - 1915
Original home of the Woman's College of Frederick, Maryland and now known as Hood CollegeMap (db m152359) HM
94Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Hospitals in FrederickCaring for the Wounded
In this building, soldiers who died in one of the many area hospitals following the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Gettysburg, and Monocacy were embalmed and prepared for interment at nearby Mount Olivet Cemetery or for shipment home. James . . . Map (db m97908) HM
95Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — In April 1861 The Legislature Of Maryland Met Here In Special Session
At this assembly a bill regarded as equivalent to an ordinance of secession from the Union was introduced but failed of passageMap (db m2722) HM
96Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — In Memoriam
This memorial garden dedicated for the German pioneer founders of our church. Once interred in this church yard 1738 - 1747 Johannes Verdies • Henrich Sechs • Johann Sechs • Christophel Gag • Martin Wetzel • Georg Schweinhardt • Georg . . . Map (db m152363) HM
97Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Jacob EngelbrechtA Frederick Diarist on the National Road
In 1826, Jacob Engelbrecht moved to the house across the street near Carroll Creek. He began reporting on the National Road cavalcade that was going by his front door. His priceless diary recorded everything he saw. Travelers he observed included: . . . Map (db m2706) HM
98Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Jacob Engelbrecht's Diary
"Even while writing, the pavement is full of soldiers...what war times we live in!!! Would to the Lord, that the Rebellion was brushed out and if possible not a grease spot left." -Jacob Engelbrecht's Diary June 29, 1863Map (db m129734) HM
99Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Jane Hanson National Memorial
First Lady Jane Contee Hanson, 1728-1812 In the unmarked mass grave behind this memorial rests Jane Hanson, the original first lady of the United States. She is buried here with 285 others reinterred in 1913 from Frederick's . . . Map (db m103170) HM
100Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — John Hanson
On This Site (1773-1783) Lived John Hanson First President of United States In Congress Assembled (1781-1782) Born Charles County, MD., April 13, 1715 Died Oxon Hill, MD., November 22, 1783 Placed by Historical Society of Frederick . . . Map (db m89065) HM

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May. 27, 2022