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Monroe in Monroe County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Monroe County and the Civil War / Grand Army of the Republic

 
 
Monroe County and the Civil War Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J.T. Lambrou, March 26, 2021
1. Monroe County and the Civil War Marker
Inscription.  
Monroe County and the Civil War
During the Civil War years of 1861-1865, Monroe County had approximately 3,000 county residents out of a total population of 21,593 who fought in that conflict and at least 410 of them died while serving in that war. There were at least twenty-one sets of brothers from Monroe County that died in the Civil War and at least two sets of fathers and sons. Of all the wars and conflicts in American history, Monroe County had its largest number of local fallen the the civil War. At least eleven of the local casualties died at Gettysburg. Dozens died in Confederate P.O.W. camps including about thirty-three at the infamous Andersonville camp. At least seven returning county P.O.W.s died on the Mississippi steamship "Sultana" which was near Memphis when it exploded in April 1865 killing over 1,700 union soldiers returning from captivity in the south. There were about 2,300 P.O.W.s on board the Sultana which was built to hold about 376 people. The river was flooded at the time and many men drowned or died of burns. The Sultana was the greatest maritime disaster in American history. The Custer Statue in
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Monroe depicts General George Custer at the Battle of Gettysburg and is a Civil War monument that was located here in Soldiers and Sailors Park from 1923 through 1955. Of the nine Monroe County Medal of Honor (MOH) recipients, eight were presented for actions during the Civil War. The highest decorated soldier in the Civil War was Thomas Custer who's home of record was Monroe.

Grand Army of the Republic
The G.A.R. was the first national veterans' organization and was created in 1866. In Monroe County there were nine G.A.R. Posts organized whose members were all veterans of the Civil War. The Posts were located in Monroe, Dundee, Petersburg, Samaria, Ottawa Lake, Carleton, Flat rock and Milan. Monroe Post 22 was the first one organized in the country in 1868. The G.A.R. lobbied for and secured veterans benefits for those who came back from the war with disabilities and for the widows and children of those who lost their lives in the Civil War. Before the G.A.R. existed, injured veterans were simply cast aside and forgotten, having to fend for themselves. The G.A.R. was very powerful and influential in national politics. No Republican from 1868 through 1908 was nominated for the U.S. Presidency without the endorsement of the Grand Army of the Republic. The Joseph R. Smith G.A.R. Post No. 76 in Monroe was organized in 1882 with 32 charter members. Its womens auxiliary

Grand Army of the Republic Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J.T. Lambrou, March 26, 2021
2. Grand Army of the Republic Marker
was called the "Women's Relief Corps". W.R.C. No. 150 was organized in Monroe on June 22, 1888 and the G.A.R. also had another auxiliary group called the "Sons of Veterans" which was a men's group organized to carry on the work of the G.A.R. after its own members had all died. John J. Stephens S.O.V. Camp No. 136 was organized in Monroe on June 25, 1888 as an auxiliary to Post No. 76. The Smith G.A.R. Post existed until 1935.
 
Erected by G.A.R. Veteran.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1861.
 
Location. 41° 54.863′ N, 83° 23.378′ W. Marker is in Monroe, Michigan, in Monroe County. Marker is at the intersection of East Front Street and Navarre Street, on the right when traveling west on East Front Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 687 East Front Street, Monroe MI 48161, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Monroe County Civil War Fallen Soldiers Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Norman Jonathan Hall (a few steps from this marker); George Armstong Custer (a few steps from this marker); Monroe County Civil War Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Thomas Ward Custer (a few steps from this marker); River Raisin Heritage Trail System
Monroe County and the Civil War / Grand Army of the Republic Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J.T. Lambrou, March 26, 2021
3. Monroe County and the Civil War / Grand Army of the Republic Marker
Marker is seen in front of the Civil War Memorial, also located in Soldiers and Sailors Park.
(a few steps from this marker); Joseph R. Smith Post No. 76 G.A.R. (a few steps from this marker); Joyce Kilmer (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Monroe.
 
Monroe County and the Civil War / Grand Army of the Republic Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J.T. Lambrou, March 26, 2021
4. Monroe County and the Civil War / Grand Army of the Republic Marker
Location of marker at Soldier and Sailors Park
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 4, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 4, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan. This page has been viewed 259 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 4, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 23, 2024