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Smithville in Lawrence County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

The Civil War in Lawrence County / Skirmishes in Lawrence County

 
 
The Civil War in Lawrence County Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, April 3, 2021
1. The Civil War in Lawrence County Marker
Inscription.  
The Civil War in Lawrence County
Smithville was the Lawrence County seat in 1861, and while most residents supported secession, others stayed loyal to the Union. At least 17 Confederate companies were raised in the county. Other troops were conscripted into the army later, and slaves and Unionists sought refuge in Federal camps. Civilians faced privation and lawlessness as the war dragged on. Smithville lost its county seat status when Sharp County was carved from Lawrence after the war. Freed people established a post-war village south of Smithville that was called “Little Africa.”

Skirmishes in Lawrence County
Smithville’s site at a strategic crossroads led troops from both sides to the area. The 5th Illinois Cavalry occupied the town in May 1862, and they skirmished with partisans west of town on June 17. Most fighting involved Confederate irregulars, and neither side controlled the area, though both depleted its supplies. Other fighting in what was then Lawrence County took place Oct. 7, 1863, near Evening Shade, Feb. 8, 1864, at Morgan’s Mill and April 13,
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1864, near Spring River. Confederate troops passed through during Price’s 1864 Missouri Raid, recruiting men.
 
Erected 2015 by Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission, City of Smithville, Arkansas Humanities Council, Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. (Marker Number 141.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission series list. A significant historical date for this entry is April 13, 1864.
 
Location. 36° 4.791′ N, 91° 18.308′ W. Marker is in Smithville, Arkansas, in Lawrence County. Marker is at the intersection of Arkansas Route 115 and Elm Street, on the right when traveling west on State Route 115. Located near the Smithville Community Center. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Smithville AR 72466, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Men of the 7th AR Volunteer Infantry Regiment CSA (here, next to this marker); Skirmish Near Smithville / Capt. Wiley C. Jones (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Changes made to the Jail (approx. 10.4 miles away); Powhatan Jail (approx. 10.4 miles away); The Conviction of Samuel Helms (approx. 10.4 miles away); Uses of the Jail House
Skirmishes in Lawrence County Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, April 3, 2021
2. Skirmishes in Lawrence County Marker
(approx. 10.4 miles away); Powhatan Courthouse State Park (approx. 10.4 miles away); Log Cabin Kitchen (approx. 10½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Smithville.
 
Also see . . .  Encyclopedia of Arkansas on a Skirmish at Spring River near Smithville. (Submitted on April 8, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Looking east on State Route 115/117. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, April 3, 2021
3. Looking east on State Route 115/117.
The view west with the community center on the right. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, April 3, 2021
4. The view west with the community center on the right.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 8, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 8, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 604 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 8, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Apr. 14, 2024