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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Resaca in Gordon County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Civil War Fighting Men

 
 
Civil War Fighting Men Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, April 11, 2021
1. Civil War Fighting Men Marker
Inscription.  Soldiers who fought on foot were called infantry. Those who fought on horseback were called cavalry. Artillerymen fired cannons and mortars. Each group of soldiers used different types of weapons and belonged to separate units.

There were other types of units as well as these three. Engineer units built fortifications and bridges. Medical corps and supply corps did what their name implied. Can you think of additional types of specialized military units?

Captions (clockwise from top right):
• Officers and cavalrymen carried pistols. This is a Colt pistol, widely used in both the .32 and .44 caliber size. Caliber means the size of the bullet or ball. Some enlisted men who owned a pistol also carried it into battle.
• This was the standard issue U.S. Cavalry saber. Some officers and cavalrymen had their own privately-made saber. Confederate officers and cavalrymen used Southern-made sabers of a similar style.
• Artillerymen had to learn to load a cannon properly and quickly. Their officers would determine the gun's lay (how it was aimed). Cannon balls were heavy, and the barrel became extremely hot
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with repeated firings. The Noise deafened many artillerymen. This “Harper's Weekly” engraving is of the Fifth Indiana Artillery at Resaca.
• On horseback, Genera! Benjamin Harrison led troops of the 70th Indiana Regiment, 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XX Corps, into battle at Resaca. Harrison later became our 23rd president. High-ranking officers, especially generals often rode during battles so that they could see how the battle was progressing and communicate quickly with other leaders. Notice how he used his saber. The infantry men are all carrying Enfield rifles.
• Many Confederate soldiers carried their own smoothbore musket into battle. These were the same type weapons used in the Revolutionary War, some 90 years earlier, but had the earlier flintlock replaced with a percussion lock or firing mechanism. Muskets fired round lead balls instead of bullets like the Minie. The South could not buy enough rifles to replace all of these older weapons.
• Soldiers on both sides carried .57 caliber Enfield rifles. These fired high-velocity Minie balls that could break bones quite easily. They could be equipped with saber bayonets.
 
Erected by Georgia Department of Natural Resources - State Parks and Historic Sites.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location.
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34° 35.21′ N, 84° 57.313′ W. Marker is in Resaca, Georgia, in Gordon County. Marker can be reached from Resaca Lafayette Road Northwest (Georgia Route 136). Marker is at south Red Battlefield Trailhead along entrance road to Resaca Battlefield State Historic Site. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6 GA-136Marker, Resaca GA 30735, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Why Fight at Resaca? (here, next to this marker); Resaca Battlefield State Historic Site (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Resaca Battlefield State Historic Site (a few steps from this marker); Resaca's Confederate Cemetery / Resaca's Fort Wayne (a few steps from this marker); South Toward Atlanta (approx. 0.4 miles away); Dancers in the Red Clay Minuet (approx. 0.4 miles away); Logan's XV Corps to the South (approx. 0.4 miles away); How to Tell the Yankees from the Rebels! (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Resaca.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 14, 2021, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 46 times since then. Photo   1. submitted on April 14, 2021, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
 
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May. 14, 2021