“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lore City in Guernsey County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Lore City

A Destructive Spree


— John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —

Lore City Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, April 10, 2021
1. Lore City Marker
Inscription.  Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan and his remaining raiders arrived at Campbell’s Station (now Lore City) near dawn on the morning of July 24, 1863.

The raiders entered the home and warehouse of John Fordyce at this former railroad station and stole nearly $4,000 from the company safe. Half of it belonged to a single man, Thomas Frame. With the money in hand, the Confederates burned the residence, the warehouse, and the Leatherwood Creek bridge along with several rail cars filled with tobocco.

Having completed the local destruction and with the knowledge that Union cavalry would soon arrive, the raiders moved north towards Washington (now called Old Washington).

In the five days since engaging the Confederates in the Battle of Buffington Island, Brigadier General James Shackelford and about 500 Union cavalrymen had steadily closed the gap on Morgan's Raiders to a mere seven miles. The Union forces arrived at Campbell’s Station at 9:20 a.m. and found the railcars, warehouse, and stores on fire. Despite the fatigue of the men and horses, Shackelford vowed to continue the pursuit.

Lore City Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, April 10, 2021
2. Lore City Marker
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Forces Gain Ground.
Effective communications along undamaged telegraph lines and the effective use of railcars for troop transport were an essential part of the Union’s ultimate success in capturing Morgan’s Raiders. By the late afternoon of July 24, additional forces were arriving in the area. About 375 Union cavalrymen under Major George Rue of Kentucky arrived by train near Belaire, east of here. A contingent of more than 1,000 militia men from Western Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Ohio converged on Steubenville. The combined Union forces outnumbered Morgan’s Raiders nearly three to one.

Text by Tom Snyder, Illustrations by Bev Kirk.
Erected by the Ohio Civil War Trail Commission, Civil War 150 Ohio, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 41.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Ohio series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 24, 1863.
Location. 39° 59.122′ N, 81° 27.567′ W. Marker is in Lore City, Ohio, in Guernsey County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Great Guernsey Rail-Trail, on the right when traveling south on Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 205 Main St, Lore City OH 43755, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles
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of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lore City Honor Roll (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bodies of Three Confederate Cavalrymen (approx. 3.6 miles away); Morgan’s Raid in Old Washington (approx. 3.7 miles away); Peacock Road (approx. 3.7 miles away); Old Washington (approx. 3.7 miles away); Senecaville (approx. 3.7 miles away); Morgan’s Raiders (approx. 3.8 miles away); a different marker also named Old Washington (approx. 3.8 miles away).
More about this marker. This interpretive panel has one illustration captioned
More damage was inflicted by Morgan’s Raiders at Campbell’s Station than at any other location in Guernsey County. A total of 303 damage claims were filed throughout the county following the raid, totaling $35,623 in lost assets. Morgan’s raid had an especially significant economic impact on this local population.

Also see . . .  Morgan’s Raid: Epic Civil War Story Takes Place in Guernsey County. 2016 article by J.C. Shively. Scroll down for the Lore City segment. Excerpt:
While at Campbell’s Station, Morgan cleverly had one of his telegraphers send a message east to Barnesville inquiring about the defense set up between Lore City and Barnesville. Morgan’s plan from here was to start heading east towards the Ohio River, however, Provost Marshal McCartney more than likely supposing the telegraph coming from Morgan, sent word back that the area had more than enough soldiers there to protect it. This forced Morgan to head further north rather than east. On his way out he destroyed anything useful to the men trailing him under General Shackleford, including the telegraph lines. Morgan and his men continued on that morning growing yet even more tired
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and restless. They were headed towards what is today known as Old Washington where they would encounter General Shackleford for the first time.
(Submitted on April 15, 2021.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 16, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 15, 2021, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 135 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 15, 2021, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.

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Jun. 26, 2022