“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Greenwood District in Tulsa in Tulsa County, Oklahoma — The American South (West South Central)

The Historic Greenwood District

Tulsa, Oklahoma

The Historic Greenwood District Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, April 7, 2021
1. The Historic Greenwood District Marker
Inscription.  In the early 1900s, Tulsa's black community, the "Greenwood District," gained national renown. Dubbed "Black Wall Street," the neighborhood teemed with entrepreneurial and business activity: doctors, lawyers, pharmacists, dentists, beauty parlors, barbershops, dance halls, pool halls, movie theaters, restaurants, grocery stores, and so much more. Its nerve center, Greenwood Avenue, drew favorable comparisons to Beale Street in Memphis and State Street in Chicago.

The calamitous 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre, the worst of the twentieth century "race riots," temporarily stilled the Greenwood District. Marauding rioters seized upon this segregated enclave, leaving in their wake death and destruction. It was the worst incident of mass racial violence against a black community in United States history.

In a remarkable resurrection, the Greenwood District rose from the ashes, peaking in the 1940s. Beginning in the 1960s, integration and urban renewal changed the social and economic conditions at local, state, and national levels, sparking a steep downward spiral.

Today, the Greenwood District is resurgent. The new Black
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Wall Street is a collaborative community consisting of residential, commercial, artistic, educational, cultural, entertainment, and religious elements working together to reclaim part of the past glory of this special, and for some, sacred, place.

Authored by Hannibal B. Johnson
Erected by 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre Centennial Commission, Keep Oklahoma Beautiful, OneOK, Up With Trees.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil RightsIndustry & Commerce. A significant historical year for this entry is 1921.
Location. 36° 9.622′ N, 95° 59.172′ W. Marker is in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in Tulsa County. It is in the Greenwood District. Marker is on North Greenwood Avenue north of East Archer Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 125 N Greenwood Ave, Tulsa OK 74120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lynching in America / The 1921 Tulsa Massacre (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Vernon A.M.E. Church (about 400 feet away); Black Wall Street - 1921 (about 600 feet away); Mabel B. Little Heritage House (about 600 feet away); John Hope Franklin Reconciliation Park (approx. 0.2 miles away); Tower of Reconciliation and Healing Walkway
The Historic Greenwood District Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, April 7, 2021
2. The Historic Greenwood District Marker
Interstate 244 is in the background
(approx. ¼ mile away); The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 (approx. ¼ mile away); Booker T. Washington High School (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tulsa.
Also see . . .  Tulsa's Greenwood District on Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 20, 2021, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.)
Credits. This page was last revised on February 16, 2023. It was originally submitted on April 20, 2021, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 495 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 20, 2021, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.

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Apr. 20, 2024