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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dalton in Whitfield County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Carpet Technology

 
 
Carpet Technology Marker image. Click for full size.
By Leah Tibbs, April 14, 2021
1. Carpet Technology Marker
Inscription.  Most people identify Dalton, Georgia, an the Carpet Capital of the World. However many are not aware of the inventions, inventors, designers, and machinists who built the mechanical backbone for today's carpet industry, obtaining hundreds of patents from 1950 to the present.

As the bedspread industry evolved into the tutted carpet industry, individual mechanics and companies like Cabin Craft and Manly Jail Works made amazing machinery breakthroughs. Cabin Craft valued research and development and sought to be a technological trend setter. Patents assigned to Cabin Crafts were: a mending machine for tufted rugs patented by Clifford Bryant, Robert Hackney, and Roger McNamara in 1958; a carpet-wear test machine invented by James Fesperman and Robert Hackney which gauged the durability of carpet by simulating a person walking; Clifford Bryant and Otis Payne's patent automated the process for cutting exclusive designs into piled fabrics (carpet); and a patented machine which produced cut and uncut pile fabric in the same pass.

Dalton area machinists increasingly shifted to fabricating for the carpet manufacturers and suppliers to the industry.

Marker #3 Our Textile Legacy. The brick building is the Manly Jail Works. image. Click for full size.
By Leah Tibbs, April 14, 2021
2. Marker #3 Our Textile Legacy. The brick building is the Manly Jail Works.
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In the 1940s, Manly Jail Works (Manly Steel) started manufacturing cow horn creels, roll-up machines, buggies, racks, ovens, and inspection frames. Judson Manly Jr. even patented a yarn-processing machine and a swinging creel assembly for ring twisters.

James Feighery and Ollie Caylor patented a top feed mechanism for sewing machines for feeding more densely-gauged textile goods past the needle. Feighery also patented a carpet sewing machine, a carpet roll-up mechanism, and a carpet roll-forming apparatus and method. Aud Franks' patent was a pattern control for tufting machines, automating the control of the tufting needles. Frank and Harold Hawkins's mechanism allowed for changing tuft height within a given row.

Dyeing technological innovations expanded color possibilities. Gerard O'Mahony and James G.T. Paterson hold patents for dyeing multicolored yarns in vats. Jon M. Bluemnaus created a method for print-dyeing (assigned in 1970 to World Carpet). West Point Pepperell had several dyeing-related patents for continuous carpet dyeing and multi-dye processes.

Patents related to carpet backing and other specialty areas included Caswell Huff's patent for coating a textile substrate with latex, making carpets more durable. Henry G. Patterson created a stable, synthetic backing. Other specialty patents included those by Jack Zbar, Douglas McElhinney, Henry G. Patterson,

Manly Jail Works. Marker is in the distance to the left of the building. image. Click for full size.
By Leah Tibbs, April 14, 2021
3. Manly Jail Works. Marker is in the distance to the left of the building.
Stanley A. Shemchek, Robert G. Doone, and Henry B. Christopher, Charles I. Howell, and James K. Jennnings, Terry L. Lamb, and Phillip L. Wing.

Francis C. Callahan's padding material process provided substrates to increase the comfort and durability of carpet. One of many patents for synthetic turf, Mack. W. Moore Jr.'s artificial grass surface and lower cost method of installation was patented in 1981.

During the 1990s, a greater emphasis was placed on environmental sustainability by the carpet industry as they also worked to diminish energy usage. One of the early patents was a process to recover a high value polymer from carpet salvage waste by Mike Babb, then serving as Chairman of the Whitfield County Board of Commissioners. In 2002, Carpet America Recovery Effort (CARE), developed a goal of recycling used carpet for composite lumber, roofing shingles, automotive parts, carpet cushion, and as an energy source. Manufacturers are working toward zero waste to landfill manufacturing.

With the new millennium came new ventures into manufacturing floor covering options other than carpet, including hardwood flooring, luxury vinyl tile, laminate, and vinyl flooring. These additional offerings beautifully meet the demands of the ever-changing floor covering consumer market.

Photographs courtesy of Whitfield-Murray Historical Society, Bandy Heritage Center,

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Carpet & Rug Institute and Georgia Archives
 
Erected 2021 by The Center for Public History of the University of West Georgia’s Department of History. (Marker Number 3.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: EnvironmentIndustry & CommerceScience & Medicine.
 
Location. 34° 46.18′ N, 84° 57.937′ W. Marker is in Dalton, Georgia, in Whitfield County. Marker is at the intersection of South Glenwood Avenue and Hagen Street, on the right when traveling south on South Glenwood Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 203 S Glenwood Ave, Dalton GA 30721, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Mechanization of the Bedspread Industry (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); African-American Soldiers in Combat (approx. 0.2 miles away); Joseph E. Johnston Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Western and Atlantic Railroad Depot (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fort Hill (approx. ¼ mile away); Tristram Dalton (approx. ¼ mile away); George Whitefield (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Blunt House (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dalton.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. West Georgia Textile Heritage Trail.
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"Visit the community pages below to find out what you can see in each town!

The northern section of the West Georgia Textile Trail covers the region from the foothills of Polk County to the mountains of north Georgia. Dalton serves as the northern hub of the Trail."
(Submitted on April 22, 2021, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.) 

2. Bandy Heritage Center.
"Welcome to the Bandy Heritage Center!

As a community outreach program of Dalton State College, the Bandy Heritage Center celebrates the history and culture of Northwest Georgia. This mission is achieved through collaboration with partnering historical and cultural organizations throughout the area, enabling the Center to fulfill its role as the primary source for information related to the region's historic resources."
(Submitted on April 22, 2021, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.) 

3. The Carpet and Rug Institute, Inc.
"If You Can Measure It, You Can Improve It CRI’s Seal of Approval (SOA) program is all about cleaning efficacy and constant improvement. We wanted to know how well vacuums, extractors, and cleaning solutions worked to clean carpet, so we developed the carpet industry’s only scientific program to test and measure the effectiveness of cleaning products and equipment. The program helps consumers make informed decisions and manufacturers improve their products. The results are cleaner, healthier, and longer-lasting carpet."
(Submitted on April 22, 2021, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.) 

4. Downtown Dalton Visitor Center & Historic Freight Depot.
"The Dalton Freight Depot is home to the Bandy Heritage Center, a display of historical collections from Northwest Georgia. Currently, history of the textile industry in Dalton is on display."
(Submitted on April 22, 2021, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 22, 2021, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. This page has been viewed 33 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on April 22, 2021, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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May. 17, 2021