Meridian - Base Line Initial Point
Michigan Territory Governor Lewis Cass directed surveys near Detroit to resume in 1817. The opening of the Erie Canal in 1821 increased industry and settlement, contributing to the need for further land surveys. In 1824, Joseph Wampler reran the last twelve miles of the meridian north to intersect the base line he had extended west about eighteen miles. For unknown reasons, he marked a second
Erected 2015 by Michigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical Center. (Marker Number S737.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Industry & Commerce • Science & Medicine • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Michigan Historical Commission series list.
Location. 42° 25.385′ N, 84° 21.404′ W. Marker is near Pleasant Lake, Michigan, in Jackson County. Marker can be reached from Meridian Road 0.8 miles north of North Territorial Road, on the left when traveling north. The initial point markers are located in the Meridian-Baseline State Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pleasant Lake MI 49272, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. This Boulder (approx. 2˝ miles away); First Baptist Church (approx. 4.2 miles away); City of LeslieTuttle Park Veterans Memorial (approx. 4.4 miles away); Sts. Cornelius and Cyprian Church (approx. 5.3 miles away); Stockbridge Town Hall (approx. 9.2 miles away); Stockbridge Civil War Memorial (approx. 9.2 miles away); Baldwin Park (approx. 10.4 miles away).
More about this marker. The historical marker is located at the west the Meridian-Baseline State Park parking area at the trailhead to the initial point markers. This a round trip of approximately 1.5 miles along compacted gavel trail.
Regarding Meridian - Base Line Initial Point. 2015 marks the 200th anniversary of the setting of the surveying lines for Michigan. In 1785 a public land survey proposed by Thomas Jefferson was an efficient method for the establishment of land boundaries and even today affects all land owners. Every parcel of land within the state of Michigan is surveyed from these initial points. In 1807, the west boundary of the Treaty of Detroit was selected as the line for the Michigan Principal Meridian; the southernmost (and beginning point) of the meridian was set in 1815 at Fort Defiance, Ohio and the northernmost (and final) point was set in 1840 in Sault Ste. Marie.
Credits. This page was last revised on April 27, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 13, 2015, by Dave Wilcox of Grass Lake, Michigan. This page has been viewed 388 times since then and 54 times this year. Last updated on April 26, 2021, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 25, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan. 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on October 13, 2015, by Dave Wilcox of Grass Lake, Michigan. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.