Blue Ridge Tunnel
The Blue Ridge Tunnel was constructed between 1849 and 1859 beneath Rockfish Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains of central Virginia. The tunnel first opened in 1858 to allow rail access through Afton Mountain. It was designed by French immigrant Claudius Crozet (1789 - 1864), its chief engineer. The 4,273-foot-long passage took nearly nine years to construct, employing mostly Irish immigrant laborers, and was the longest tunnel in North America at the time it was constructed. The tunnel is approximately 700 feet below the surface at its deepest point. In 1944, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway replaced the 86-year-old Blue Ridge Tunnel with an adjacent tunnel at a slightly lower elevation that could accommodate larger locomotives.
In the 1950's, the Dixie Bottled Gas Corporation built massive concrete bulkheads in the tunnel with the intent to store propane in the chamber created between the bulkheads. The venture was unsuccessful. The bulkheads created a barrier for walking through the entire tunnel until 2019 when they were removed during Phase II of the Blue Ridge Tunnel Trail Project.
In 2001 Nelson County undertook the project
Nelson County was assisted by the following major partners: Virginia Department of Transportation, Commonwealth Transportation Board, City of Waynesboro, Wooolpert Inc, Fielder's Choice Enterprises Inc, Whitesell Group, Department of Conservation and Recreation, and the Claudius Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel Foundation.
Erected by Claudius Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel Foundation; Nelson County, Virginia; Nelson County Parks & Recreation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Parks & Recreational Areas • Railroads & Streetcars. A significant historical year for this entry is 1849.
Location. 38° 2.613′ N, 78° 51.455′ W. Marker is near Waynesboro, Virginia, in Augusta County. Marker can be reached
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rockfish Gap (approx. 0.4 miles away); Flight of Richard C. duPont (approx. 0.8 miles away); Rockfish Gap Meeting (approx. 0.8 miles away); Greenwood-Afton Rural Historic District (approx. 0.8 miles away); Park-to-Park Beauty (approx. 0.8 miles away); Welcome to Shenandoah National Park (approx. 0.8 miles away); Nelson County / Augusta County (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named Rockfish Gap (approx. 0.9 miles away).
Credits. This page was last revised on May 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.