“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Waynesboro in Augusta County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

West Trailhead

Blue Ridge Tunnel

West Trailhead Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), May 8, 2021
1. West Trailhead Marker
The Blue Ridge Tunnel was constructed between 1849 and 1859 beneath Rockfish Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains of central Virginia. The tunnel first opened in 1858 to allow rail access through Afton Mountain. It was designed by French immigrant Claudius Crozet (1789 - 1864), its chief engineer. The 4,273-foot-long passage took nearly nine years to construct, employing mostly Irish immigrant laborers, and was the longest tunnel in North America at the time it was constructed. The tunnel is approximately 700 feet below the surface at its deepest point. In 1944, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway replaced the 86-year-old Blue Ridge Tunnel with an adjacent tunnel at a slightly lower elevation that could accommodate larger locomotives.

In the 1950's, the Dixie Bottled Gas Corporation built massive concrete bulkheads in the tunnel with the intent to store propane in the chamber created between the bulkheads. The venture was unsuccessful. The bulkheads created a barrier for walking through the entire tunnel until 2019 when they were removed during Phase II of the Blue Ridge Tunnel Trail Project.

In 2001 Nelson County undertook
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the project that resulted in restoration of the historic tunnel, including plans for the tunnel to become an outdoor public trail. The County acquired the tunnel in 2007 from CSX Inc. and in 2013 purchased easements and land to construct the project's eastern trail in Nelson County and the western trail in Augusta County. The tunnel project was completed in three phases: eastern trail and parking lot, tunnel restoration and western trail and parking lot. Federal and state grant funding and local funding from Nelson County enabled the tunnel project to be completed and open to the public in 2020.

Nelson County was assisted by the following major partners: Virginia Department of Transportation, Commonwealth Transportation Board, City of Waynesboro, Wooolpert Inc, Fielder's Choice Enterprises Inc, Whitesell Group, Department of Conservation and Recreation, and the Claudius Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel Foundation.
Erected by Claudius Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel Foundation; Nelson County, Virginia; Nelson County Parks & Recreation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Parks & Recreational AreasRailroads & Streetcars. A significant historical year for this entry is 1849.
Location. 38° 2.613′ N, 78° 51.455′ W. Marker is near Waynesboro, Virginia, in Augusta County.
West Trailhead Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), May 8, 2021
2. West Trailhead Marker
Marker can be reached from Three Notched Mountain Highway (U.S. 250) 0.9 miles north of Interstate 64, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 483 Three Notched Mountain Hwy, Waynesboro VA 22980, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Problems & Solutions (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tiny Creatures Of The Dark (approx. 0.3 miles away); West Side Features Then & Now (approx. 0.3 miles away); Rockfish Gap (approx. 0.4 miles away); Greenwood-Afton Rural Historic District (approx. 0.8 miles away); Flight of Richard C. duPont (approx. 0.8 miles away); Rockfish Gap Meeting (approx. 0.8 miles away); Park-to-Park Beauty (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Waynesboro.
Also see . . .
1. Claudius Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel Foundation. (Submitted on April 26, 2022.)
2. Blue Ridge Tunnel. Wikipedia (Submitted on April 26, 2022.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 26, 2022. It was originally submitted on May 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 136 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Dec. 10, 2023