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Smithfield in Jefferson County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Smithfield

Another Trick

— John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —

 
 
Smithfield Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Carl "Skip" Roos, May 13, 2021
1. Smithfield Marker
Inscription.  By July 25, 1863, Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan and his Confederate raiders were being pursued by a large array of Union forces under Brigadier General James M. Shackelford. This force included the 14th Illinois Cavalry, 1st Kentucky U.S. Cavalry, 9th Michigan Cavalry, 11th Michigan Battery, 86th Ohio Mounted Infantry, and the 2nd East Tennessee Mounted Infantry.

Morgan's command had dwindled to about 450 Confederate raiders. Even after traveling across three states, Morgan and his men still had fight left in them.

A Smithfield home guard, under the command of a boastful Captain William Collins, was organized to defend the town. The militia bravely rode south to meet the enemy, and had gone only about a mile when they rode straight into Morgan's men. Before a shot could be fired, the Smithfield militiamen were surrounded and disarmed, and the Confederates had confiscated their best horses.

Captain Collins was forced to ride a mule at the head of the column back into Smithfield. Once there, he was ordered to tell the townspeople that Morgan's men were actually advance Union forces and that they should
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be fed and treated well. Morgan and his men were already enjoying their meal by the time the townspeople discovered the ruse. Morgan had pulled another trick.

Picture Caption:
Morgan's Raiders forced William Collins, a local militia captain to ride a mule into Smithfield, all the while proclaiming that those who followed were actually Union troops.
 
Erected by Ohio Civil War Trail Commission, Civil War 150 Ohio, Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 48.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Ohio series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 25, 1863.
 
Location. 40° 16.247′ N, 80° 46.874′ W. Marker is in Smithfield, Ohio, in Jefferson County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (Ohio Route 152) and West Tanner Street, on the left when traveling north on Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Smithfield OH 43948, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Morgan's Raid (within shouting distance of this marker); Society of Friends in Early Smithfield (approx. 0.3 miles away); Deyarmonville (approx. 4.3 miles away); a different marker also named Morgan's Raid (approx.
Smithfield Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Gregory Roos, May 13, 2021
2. Smithfield Marker
4.3 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 5.2 miles away); World War II Memorial (approx. 5.2 miles away); a different marker also named Morgan's Raid (approx. 5.2 miles away); a different marker also named Morgan's Raid (approx. 5.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Smithfield.
 
Smithfield Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Gregory Roos, May 13, 2021
3. Smithfield Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 23, 2023. It was originally submitted on May 18, 2021, by Gregory Roos of Cincinnati, Ohio. This page has been viewed 236 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 18, 2021, by Gregory Roos of Cincinnati, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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Apr. 18, 2024