Columbus in Muscogee County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
J.S. Pemberton & the Confederacy/The Formula
J.S. Pemberton & the Confederacy
John Pemberton joined the 3rd Georgia Cavalry in May 1862 and resigned in October that same year due to “a chronic disease of the stomach,” his life-long malady. He wrote he could better serve his country as a pharmacist and chemist. In July 1863, he joined the home guard and commanded a cavalry unit at the Battle of Columbus, where he suffered a saber gash and a pistol wound. Despite his injuries, within seven months he reopened his pharmacy and launched a large wholesale drug warehouse. He operated both until he left for Atlanta in 1869.
The popular Vin Mariani wine, infused with extract of coca leaves, began selling worldwide in 1863. Dr. Pemberton used this tonic to relieve pain from stomach cancer, intestinal disorders, and wounds. He modified Mariani’s drink to produce French Wine of Coca, the predecessor to Coca-Cola The Coca-Cola Company now recognizes Pemberton mixed the prototype formula in Columbus and then brought it to Atlanta. The 1885 prohibition law in Atlanta forced him to remove the wine from his tonic. Pemberton added sweeteners and an extract
Erected 2015 by Historic Columbus Foundation, Inc. and The Historic Chattahoochee Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1862.
Location. 32° 28.354′ N, 84° 59.662′ W. Marker is in Columbus, Georgia, in Muscogee County. Marker is on 14th Street near Front Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Marker is located just east of the roundabout. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Columbus GA 31901, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. George Parker Swift I (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Columbus (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); General Benning (about 500 feet away); Civil War Women’s Riot (about 500 feet away); Haiman's Sword Factory (approx. 0.2 miles away); Eagle & Phenix Mills (approx. 0.2 miles away); Birthplace of Robert Winship Woodruff (approx. ¼ mile away); High Uptown Historic District / Garrett-Bullock-Delay House (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbus.
Also see . . . John Stith Pemberton. (Submitted on May 22, 2021, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on May 22, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 22, 2021, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. This page has been viewed 61 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on May 22, 2021, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida.